The Dark Web is a secret part of the World Wide Web that is frequently accessed by terrorists, pedophiles, and criminals of all kinds.
Hacker websites on the Dark Web share lists of email addresses and account credentials to enable cyber thieves to break into the accounts of people on personal and business systems to steal their money and the assets of the businesses that they work for.
As a network administrator, how should you be taking steps to protect your company from the threats that hide in the Dark Web? Is there anything that you could feasibly do? What is the Dark Web, anyway?
Here is our list of the best dark web monitoring tools for network admins:
- CrowdStrike Falcon X Recon EDITOR’S CHOICE This intelligence feed scans the Dark Web for mentions of your brand and corporate identifiers, such as email addresses on your domain. Available in two plan levels and delivered from a cloud platform. Start a 15-day free trial.
- Echosec Beacon Checks the Dark Web for compromised account credentials, and stolen personal information and financial data.
- DarkOwl Vision A threat intelligence service that includes a Dark web scanner as an information source.
- SpyCloud ATO Prevention Account takeover prevention with a threat intelligence database derived from Dark Web scans.
- Digital Shadows SearchLight A corporate brand protection service.
- DigitalStakeout Scout A data loss prevention system and threat protection system that includes a Dark Web scanner.
- Alert Logic Dark Web Scanner An account takeover prevention system based around a Dark Web scanner.
- ACID Cyber Intelligence A threat intelligence service that scans all known sources of illegal data.
- WhatsUp Gold A network traffic monitor that can identify traffic from the Tor network.
- Dashlane Business A comprehensive password protection system that includes a Dark Web scanner.
- Have I Been Pwned? A free email address-related Dark Web scan.
The Deep Web and the Dark Web
Before tackling the topic of blocking the Dark Web from damaging your company’s operations, we first need to explore exactly what the Dark Web is and how it relates to the Deep Web.
The Clear Web
In Deep Web/Dark Web terminology, the World Wide Web that the general public uses is called the Clear Web. This is a collection of websites that can all be accessed through a search engine.
You don’t have to go through a search engine to get to a website because you can just enter its address in the address bar of your browser or click on a link on another page. However, the test of whether or not a website has been discovered by at least one search engine and indexed by it is the defining characteristic of the bona fide web that we all know about. Another term applied to this publicly-known World Wide Web is Clearnet.
The Deep Web
The Deep Web is just as accessible as a Clear Web site by typing in the address or following a link. However, the sites on the Deep Web aren’t indexed by search engines. Search engines use a type of software, called a “web bot.” In Google’s instance, those programs are called “Googlebots.”
The Dark Web
Pages on the Dark Web aren’t accessible by search engines, so they are also part of the Deep Web. The defining characteristic that makes a website part of the Dark Web is how it is accessed.
The sites on the Dark Web make themselves difficult to find and to access. It is only possible to see these sites through a Tor browser. Tor is a web security system. The name was originally TOR, standing for “the onion router.” Traffic gets randomly routed through the computers of volunteers all over the world. Before being sent, each web page request is encrypted several times over, with each layer decoded by a key, which is only held by one of the computers on the route.
Tor was invented by the US Navy to secure its own communications and is used by government security agencies and police forces worldwide. Tor has its own browser, which is an offshoot of Mozilla Firefox and has all of the necessary encryption processing for Tor built into it.
Criminal activity on the Web
Hackers and thieves do not limit their online presence to the Dark Web. There are scam websites on the Clear Web. Many reputable organizations have a presence on the Dark Web. So, the Dark Web itself is no more of a threat to the world’s businesses than the regular World Wide Web.
When journalists and cybersecurity consultants refer to the threat of the Dark Web, they are using the term as a shorthand for criminal activity on the Web in general.
Dark Web Scanners
Cybersecurity service providers have a more precise definition of the Dark Web. Some sites and forums on the Dark Web are used by hackers to buy, sell, and share data stolen from businesses – specifically, login credentials, online identity data, such as social security numbers, and financial account information, such as credit card numbers. Not all of these sites are configured on the Dark Web. Some are Clear Web sites and some are Deep Web sites.
So, when we look for solutions to Dark Web threats, we are looking for services that know where those credential sharing sites are and how to search through the data that they contain. Those tools are called “Dark Web scanners.”
Some Dark Web online protection services are dubbed “monitors.” However, these are the same as scanners because they simply search through the lists of stolen user credentials, and personal and financial data that are available on the web, be it Dark, Deep, or Clear.
The best dark web monitoring tools for network admins
What should you look for in a Dark Web monitoring tool?
We reviewed the market for Dark Web intel systems and analyzed tools based on the following criteria:
- A data-gathering team with access to Dark Web forums and sales sites
- Scraping scanners of well-known Dark Web sites
- A facility to filter results to those relevant to a specific company
- A fast data collection service
- Bulk digital feeds and human-readable reports
- A sample report or a free consultation for assessment purposes
- A good deal on a subscription that provides a fast and comprehensive intel system
With these selection criteria in mind, we investigated Dark Web intel-gathering systems that can give companies fast warnings on impending threats and leaked sensitive data.
1. CrowdStrike Falcon X Recon (FREE TRIAL)
Falcon X Recon is a research service that scours Dark Web sources for mentions of your company’s assets. These include brands, corporate identities, the email addresses of people within your business, and mentions of key executives and employees.
- A subscription service
- Access to a database of intel
- A search utility that can be run on a schedule to provide a feed
- Analytical tools in the Web-based console
- Managed service option
The information that you receive from this service offers a double check on PII security. Key information on your customers should be kept safe. However, if PII is stolen from your business, it is likely to end up for sale on the Dark Web. Knowledge of this leak should have been caught by your data loss prevention system. However, if you don’t have data protection in place, the Falcon X Recon service gives you a chance to catch up.
- Spots data leaked from associated businesses
- Provides a warning of imminent attacks, providing time to take action
- A data pool with search facilities for analysis
- Provides industry-wide and general threat warnings
- Provides customizable threat alerts
- You need analytical skills to get the most out of the data if you don’t take the managed service
Falcon X Recon is a subscription service and part of the CrowdStrike family of products that are offered from their Falcon SaaS platform. You don’t have to download and install any software in order to use the Falcon X Recon service. You can start on a 15-day free trial.
CrowdStrike Falcon X Recon is our top pick for a Dark Web monitoring service because it is a cloud-based service that gives you access to a pool of research data along with analysis tools. The system gathers data from the Dark, Open, and Deep Web with constant scans so you know what information about your business is out there before hackers get a chance to buy it. The search tools in the console let you create extraction ru
Download: Start 15-day FREE Trial
Official Site: https://go.crowdstrike.com/try-falcon-prevent.html
Echosec Beacon is a Dark Web scanner. It can hunt down compromised credentials, disclosed personal information and stolen financial data that is available in various locations on the internet.
- Automated data collection through scanning
- Search for identifiers
- Identifies data breaches
- Cloud-based service
This is an online service that operates like a search engine. The user enters a name, a social security number, or an email address and then searches through sources in Dark Web marketplace, social media sites, and forms to find incidences of those details up for sale, or openly appearing on free lists.
The tool will also look for websites that mention the named person – information about people is collected for “doxing,” which gathers information to enable a charlatan to either target or impersonate that person in a phishing attack.
The service can identify data breaches and search out malicious information stores that hold data on businesses as well as individuals.
- Provides access to data from the Deep and Dark Web
- Includes analysis reports on threat trends
- Reaps mentions of client-specific data in hacker forums
- Identifies undiscovered data theft
- You still need to work out a strategy to deal with revealed data breaches
Vision, by DarkOwl, is a Dark Web scan tool that indexes the content of malicious sites all over the World Wide Web to identify data stolen from its clients.
- Dark web scanner
- Focuses on compromised email addresses
- API for feed integration
The Vision system searches for mentions of the client company’s domain and email addresses in hacker data exchanges. The search is an automated process. This information is constantly updated by repeated scans and those disclosures are made available in the dashboard for those subscribing companies to which the data pertains.
The DarkOwl vision system is integrated into a package of intelligence services, called Darkint Suite. Another element in this suite is Darkint Score, which is a vulnerability assessment of the client company’s exposure to Dark Web data loss.
Darkint Suite’s data feeds can be integrated into applications through an API. The DarkOwl service is a threat intelligence database; it does not monitor infrastructure or network traffic. Companies subscribing to DarkOwl will also need threat protection and data loss protection software to fully protect their systems.
- Provides constantly updated intelligence reaped from hacker sources
- Analytical tools to extract relevant data
- Customizable threat alerts
- This package includes a vulnerability scanner but no threat blocking services
SpyCloud offers two services for account takeover (ATO) prevention – one to cover the employees of companies and the other to protect the customers of online services.
- Business and private options
- Scam email source blacklist
- Hardens access rights
ATO protection concentrates on protecting the accounts that businesses set up for access to their resources, such as network logins or user accounts at websites. A major part of the service involves detecting accounts that have already been compromised.
The ATO prevention service includes a cloud-based threat intelligence database, which warns clients of compromised accounts. The information on disclosed credentials is discovered by a Dark Web scanning tool. Other elements in the threat intelligence system include known sources of phishing and impersonation attacks, which gives the protecting agent software guidance on which incoming emails to block.
The service also proactively monitors Active Directory and sets up stronger password policies, such as password rotation and enforced password complexity.
- Spots compromised user accounts
- Discovers recently stolen account credentials
- Provides email blacklist for spam filter
- Better suited for MSPs and larger organizations
Digital Shadows is particularly concerned with protecting the brand and reputation of the companies that use its services. Rather than focusing on account protection, this service protects both the image and trade secrets of the companies that it serves.
- Discovers patents and trade secrets
- Corporate layouts and access codes
- Brand protection
For example, the SearchLight looks for company procedural documents, site plans, and internal memos that have found their way onto other sites that are known for trading in corporate data illegally. One incident that the Digital Shadows site recounts is its discovery of ATM designs that it alerted one of its clients about. That client was the bank that used the compromised ATM design.
Although the service doesn’t look for all user account details, it does scour illegal sites for the disclosure of privileged credentials, such as the usernames and passwords of network administrator or DBA accounts. Digital Shadows offers a 7-day free trial of SearchLight.
- Can protect image copyright and trade secrets
- Looks for usernames, passwords, and other indicators of compromise
- Uses visualizations to help highlight key insights
- Doesn’t include threat protection software
Scout, from DigitalStakeout, is a Dark Web threat intelligence service. The system includes workflows and machine learning to detect anomalous behavior on the network. It then references the external source or destination of that internet traffic with its Dark Web Scanner and threat intelligence database to identify the malicious actor participating in the suspicious activity.
- Detects attacks on networks
- Traces attack sources
- Brand protection
As such, Scout is a data loss prevention system and an insider threat protector as well as a threat-protection system. Scout doesn’t include any remediation procedures. When a Dark Web threat is spotted, Scout raises an alert in the monitoring dashboard. It is up to the network administrator to shut down the traffic either manually or by deploying threat mitigation software.
The service also protects the brands and reputation of customers by scanning all websites for harmful content about those companies. The relevant source and text of the discovered content is then posted in the Scout dashboard.
- Intellectual property protection
- Brand defense
- Suggests remediation actions
- No remediation procedures
The ACID Cyber Intelligence service gathers threat intelligence from social networks, criminal sites, chat systems, the Deep Web, and the Dark Web. The information found from these sources allows the service to warn its customers of any threats that may be about to occur and also of any data leaks that have occurred.
- Scans Clear, Dark, and Deep Web
- Scours IRC groups and social media
- Alerts for hits
The data searches are performed by web bots and so they continue to operate around the clock. The data type that the threat intelligence system looks for include account credentials, e-mail addresses and email contents, domain names, payment card data, intellectual property, insider information, personal information about employees, and mentions of the company and its employees in the context of threats.
Customers of the service get access to an account-protected dashboard where alerts are displayed when cyber threat intelligence related to that has been identified. This information is sent to the console as soon as it is encountered and it is also sent to a key contact at the client company via email.
- Produces company-specific warnings for clients
- Spots general attacks under development
- Provides an alert mechanism
- Must make contact for pricing
WhatsUp Gold is a network monitoring system. The software for this system installs on Windows Server. The core module of this platform is a network device monitor and it can be enhanced by a number of add-on modules. One of those add-ons is the Network Traffic Analyzer.
- Tor tracker
- Integrated into the Network Traffic Analyzer
- Flags possible intrusion
The Network Traffic Analyzer is able to trace the source of incoming traffic and watch where outgoing traffic goes to. The service maintains a database of Tor network entry and exit points and keeps this list constantly updated. When the Network Traffic Analyzer spots one of these addresses as a source or destination of traffic on the network, it alerts the network administrator.
Not all traffic on Tor is malicious. However, there needs to be a reason why someone within your company should be accessing the network at work. The information that Tor traffic is on your network will allow you to identify points for further investigation.
- Spots Tor traffic on the network
- Provides conversation data for analysis
- Options to block malicious traffic
- No Dark Web research
The Dashlane Business package is a complete account protection service. It includes password protection, secure file storage, and Dark Web site scanning. The scanner looks for login credentials, credit card numbers, Social Security numbers, phone numbers, and postal and IP addresses – all both for the company and for its employees.
- Account takeover prevention
- Browser access or mobile app
- Notification by email
This is a cloud-based service and it includes access to the Dashlane customer dashboard through a browser or a mobile device app. When a customer signs up for the service, the Dashlane bots perform an initial Dark Web sweep to discover all existing data about that business. From then on, the company’s identity will be part of the search bot’s target terms and if any new instances of corporate data arise, the Dashlane system notifies that customer immediately. Alerts appear in the dashboard and are also sent out by email.
- Password manager
- Data storage protection
- Dark Web scans
- No remediation service after an account is compromised
Have I Been Pwned? is a Clear Web site that performs free searches of the Deep Web and the Dark Web for personal or business information. It isn’t necessary to sign up for an account, you just need to enter an email address in the single input field on the service’s Home page.
- Free search facility
- Alert utility
- Searches on email addresses and telephone numbers
The results of the search show all data leak events that involved that email address, resulting in the address being displayed in Dark Web attack lists. The service only reports on email address-related data leaks.
Companies can get a scan for all email addresses on their domains. It is also possible to set the service to permanently monitor for new incidences and notify you by email should they arise. You have to verify that you are the owner of the email domain to use this service.
- Provides an ad-hoc search facility
- Free to use
- Exclusive data on breaches
- Better suited for one-off searches, verses continuous monitoring
- Pushes a password manager service
Defeat the Dark Web
There are many defense strategies to protect yourself from hackers and the ability to find out what hackers have on you is a distinct advantage. Some of the tools in this list include threat remediation processes, while others just warn you which accounts have been compromised and leave you to fix the problem. You will probably have your own preferred working practices that will lead you to one of these groups.
Dark Web Monitoring FAQs
What do I do if I find my employee information on the Dark Web?
If you find information about your employees on the Dark Web, you are lucky. It is better to know about this disclosure than to be unaware. There is nothing you can do to wipe that information from other sites. However, this is a warning to tighten up your network security and enforce a password change on all system users through your access rights management system.
Why is the dark web allowed to exist?
There is nothing intrinsically illegal about the configuration of the Dark Web. All forms of communication can be used for good or evil. Secure chat apps are frequently used by smugglers, terrorists, and child molesters, but no one suggests that WhatsApp or Signal should be shut down.
How often should I scan the Dark Web for data breaches?
The best Dark Web scanners operate constantly. There is no point in scheduling a total scan of the Dark Web say, once a month because as soon as credentials on your network are published, your business is exposed. The best Dark Web scans spot protected accounts as soon as their details appear on a Dark Web forum, enabling users and account administrators to change login credentials immediately.
See also: Best VPN for Dark Web
The dark web is part of the deep web but is built on darknets: overlay networks that sit on the internet but which can't be accessed without special tools or software like Tor. Tor is an anonymizing software tool that stands for The Onion Router — you can use the Tor network via Tor Browser.
The easiest way to find out if your information is on the dark web is by providing your email address to a dark web scanning service. The scanning service will perform a dark web email scan to see if your address is listed with any of your passwords.
The dark web works just about the same as the regular internet: it uses the same TCP/IP framework to transmit HTTP and FTP traffic within and between networks, over the same phone, cable or FiOS lines that carry regular internet traffic.
- Get a subscription to a virtual private network (VPN) provider. ...
- Our pick. ...
- Connect to a VPN server located nearest you. ...
- Download the Tor browser from the Play Store. ...
- Click on the app icon to open the Tor browser.
Having your email exposed in a data leak is a good indication that it is present on the dark web. Unfortunately, if your email address has been compromised, there is nothing you can do to remove it from the dark web because it is impossible to track down the person responsible for it and ask them to remove your data.
Experian's free dark web scan can look for your email address, phone number and Social Security number, and Experian's personal privacy scan can search for your information on people finder sites.
The McAfee Identity Monitoring service continually scans the dark web for your personal information, and we alert you when we find your data there.
The Dark Web runs on its own URL format, namely the . onion format. So whereas a regular link might be http://www.website.com, a Dark Web link would be http://thg67klkk4ksl9s.onion.
Dark Web visitors do not use the public DNS to resolve . onion names to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses – instead, resolution occurs using the entirely separate Tor hidden service protocol.
The dark web is known to have begun in 2000 with the release of Freenet, the thesis project of University of Edinburgh student Ian Clarke, who set out to create a "Distributed Decentralised Information Storage and Retrieval System." Clarke aimed to create a new way to anonymously communicate and share files online.
Is Tor a VPN? No, it isn't. The key difference between a VPN and Tor are their operation methods. While a VPN encrypts and routes your traffic using a network of servers maintained by a centralized entity, Tor is a decentralized network operated by volunteers.
Typical web browsers reveal their unique IP (Internet Protocol) address, making them traceable by law enforcement. But a dark web browser issues a false IP address, using a series of relays, to mask the user's identity. A significant portion of dark web activity is lawful.
Torch is the earliest and most well-known deep web search engine to search the hidden web. It presently has over 290,000 . onion pages indexed and serves over 80,000 requests daily.
Simply think "databases" and keep your eyes open. You can find searchable databases containing invisible web pages in the course of routine searching in most general web directories.
- TruthFinder – Best Overall.
- Intelius – Best for Accurate Public Records Search.
- Instant Checkmate – Best for Searching Government Records.
- Spokeo – Best on a Budget.
- US Search – Best for Single Search.
It is one of the best anonymous internet browsers, even if it only has versions for Android and iOS smartphones, as well as extensions for Chrome and Firefox.
The dark web, also known as darknet websites, are accessible only through networks such as Tor ("The Onion Routing" project) that are created specifically for the dark web. Tor browser and Tor-accessible sites are widely used among the darknet users and can be identified by the domain ".onion".
Tor Browser is available for Linux, Mac and Windows, and has also been ported to mobile. You can download desktop versions from the Tor Project website. If you're on Android, find OrBot or OrFox on the Google Play Store or F-Droid.
Cryptocurrencies are popular on the dark web because they provide a convenient method of obfuscating identities and transaction details. In August 2017, it was reported that bitcoin, monero, and ethereum were the preferred coins to conduct dark web transactions.
LifeLock's 15-year heritage in identity protection uses AI and human technology to scan the dark web and private forums, searching for your personal information. If it finds anything the software will notify you and advised on next steps to take in protecting your information.
Because the dark web is hidden from the regular internet user and its shabby history, it's essential to know if your information is out there. Criminals can use your information to commit any of the vast arrays of identity theft crimes (using stolen identities to commit fraud, primarily for financial gain).
Rather than scan the entire contents of the dark web, cybersecurity companies curate large databases of breached credentials. When an online service provider suffers a data breach, the cybersecurity company adds any leaked data to their monitoring database.