Headstamp Codes - International Ammunition Association (2022)

*Note 1- Headstamps often contain multiple pieces of information. The maker is almost always identified. Military ammunition usually includes date information, and civilian ammunition often has caliber information. Sometimes dates are fairly obvious (44 = 1944; 72 = 1972; 6 12 = June 1912, etc.). Sometimes the caliber information is either spelled out or abbreviated (30-06; 38 SPL, etc.) and other times, such as on German made DWM ammunition, a catalog number code is used for the caliber. Sometimes information on the headstamp indicates the type of load (VII Z on .303 British indicates Mark VII ball ammunition loaded with nitrocellulose powder.) Sometimes markings are deliberately deceiving, as with some .30 carbine ammunition ammunition marked LC 52, made by the Chinese, or .30-06 marked B N 4 40 made in the U.S., both probably intended to arm allies while hiding their source of supplies. Sometimes the headstamp only indicates the maker of the cartridge case, or distributor of the loaded cartridge, or the using activity, not the actual "manufacturer" of a loaded cartridge.

Even collectors with years of experience and extensive reference libraries end up with a few cartridges they cannot identify, so don't feel bad if you cannot identify everything.

Code

Manufacturer
(or in some cases the maker of the cartridge case, or distributor of the loaded ammunition, or a using activity, or other meaning. See Note 1 above *)

Ref

- 0 -

0 Unknown Factory, Czechoslovakia 14 05 (5) Spreewerke, L√ľbben, East Germany 7 07 (070) Ammunitionsfabriken Karlsborg, (Nammo/Van√§sverken), Sweden (also FFV Vanasverken, Karlsborg) 7

- 1 -

1 Rheinisch- Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G. (Part of the Dynamit Nobel group), N√ľrnburg, Germany. Found on 7.62 x 39mm. 7 1 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 10 Arsenal, Kazanlak (previously named Durjava Voenna Fabrika), Bulgaria (When found on ammunition made after 1946). 7 10 Russian State Arsenal, location unknown. Listed here to avoid confusion with Bulgarian factory using the same code. Found on ammunition made 1946 and earlier. Factory Ceased operations in 1946 7 101 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 11 Chinese State Factory at Mudanjang and part of NORINCO group. Normally found as part of a two-entry headstamp with date being the only other entry 7 11 Not a manfuacturer's code, but rather a load identification code used by Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd Pretoria, RSA on brass cases 14 11 Prvi Partizan, MiloŇ°a Obrenovica 2, 31000 Uzice, Yugoslavia (Serbia) 1 11 Unknown Factory, One of the countries that use to be part of Yugoslavia (only on brass cases) 13, 14 111 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 12 Not a manfuacturer's code, but rather a load identification code used by Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd Pretoria, RSA on brass cases 14 12 O.J.F. (Osterreichische Jegdpatronenfabrik) Kremsach 14 121 Heilongjiang North Tool Factory in Mundanjiang, Peoples Republic of China 9 13 Not a manfuacturer's code, but rather a load identification code used by Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd Pretoria, RSA on brass cases 13 13 Unknown Factory, Cuba 13 131 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 141 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 17 Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, 28 Polevaya St., Barnaul 656002, Altai Territory, Russia 7 171 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 184 Russian State Factory, Kazan Region, Russia. 7 187 Tula Cartridge Plant JSC, 139 Marat St., Tula 300035, Russia 7 188 Novosibirsk Low Voltage Equipment Plant JSC, 30A Stantsionnaya St., Novosibirsk 630031, Russia 7

- 2 -

(Video) Ammunition Evaluation: Ethiopian .30-06

2 Royal Ordnance Factory Woolwich, England. Found on .303 Mark II, c. 1880s 7 201 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 21 M√°travid√©ki F√©mm√ľvek Sirok, Hungary. Normally found on cartridge headstamps with a date stamped right-side up in relation to the factory code 7 21 Plant 21, Uzinale Metalugica Di Copsa Mica Si Cugir, Romania. Normally found on cartridge headstamps followed by the letters RPR which stand for Republica Popolara Romana (People's Republic of Romania) 7 21 Zaklady Metalowe MESKO, Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland. Normally found on cartridge headstamps with a date stamped upside down in relation to the factory code 7 211 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 21215 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 9 22 Plant 22, Romania (address and actual name unknown) 7 221 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 23 Unknown Factory, Hungary, Probably now associated with Magyar L√∂szergy√°rt√≥ Kft., M√°travid√©ki F√©mm√ľvek, H-332 Sirok, Hungary 13 234 Unknown Factory, Poland 9 24 Norrhammars Bruk (Only manufactured the cases), Sweden 4 25 Vulcans T√§ndsticksfabrik, Tidaholm, Sweden 4 26 (026) A.B. Svenska Metallverken. V√§ster√•s, Sweden 4 27 (027) Norma Projektilfabrik, √Ömotfors, Sweden 4 270 Soviet State Factory at Lugansk, Ukraine 7 28 J√∂nk√∂pings V√§stra t√§ndsticksfabrik, J√∂nk√∂ping, Sweden 4 29 Valtion Patruunatehdas (VPT), Finland. 4

- 3 -

3-D 3-D Company Inc., (later 3-D Investments Inc and 3-D Ammunition and Bullets), Box J Mainstreet, Doniphan, NE 68332 1 3-D 3-D Investment Co. Inc, Doniphan, Neb., USA (at least some cases were made by Starline Inc., Covina, CA) 14 3 IMPACT D 3-D Investment Co. Inc, Doniphan, Neb., USA 14 3 Ulyanovsk Machinery Plant State Production Association, 2 Metallistov St. Ulyanovosk 432031, Russia 7 30 Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Facility in Herstal Belgium under German occupation (ex-FN) 4 301 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 304 Probably Kouskovo / Lugansk, Moscow, USSR 9 31 (031) Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 31 Svenska T√§ndsticks AB J√∂nk√∂ping, Sweden 4 311 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 312 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 32 Link√∂pings T√§ndsticksfabrik, Lidk√∂ping, Sweden. 4 321 Unknown Factory, Romania 13 322 Unknown Factory, Romania 13 323 Unknown Factory, Romania 13 324 Unknown Factory, Romania 13 325 Unknown Factory, Romania 13 33 WaffenwerkBr√ľnn, Czechoslovakia. 4 331 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 34 J√∂nk√∂pingsT√§ndsticksfabrik, Sweden 4 341 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 343 State Munitions Factory at Krupski Mlyn (Silesia), Poland, as found on 7.62 x 25mm ammunition. Found also with a circle around the numbers 7 35 (035) Svenska Metallverken, Blikstorp, Sweden (1954 to 1965) 7 351 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 352 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 38 Russian State Factory at Yuryusan (Tscheljabinks Region), Russia 7 391 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13

- 4 -

4 Remington Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport CT , and later: Lonoke, AR (only encountered on 12.7x99mm aluminum cases) 14 4 Volkseigene Betrieb (VEB) Mechanische Werkstätten Königswartha, East Germany 6 434 Imported to Sweden from Norway and made by Bakelittfabrikken, Norway 4

-5 -

5 Remington Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport CT , and later: Lonoke, AR (only encountered on 12.7x99mm aluminum cases) 14 501 (0501) Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 51 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 539 Tula Cartridge Works (Tulski Patronny Zavod), 139 Marata St., 300004, Tula, Russia 7 54 Panstwowe Fabryka Am., Skarzysko-Kam., Poland 9 541 Possibly Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, USSR 9 583 Imported to Sweden from Raufoss, Norway. 4 586 Imported to Sweden from Hirtenberger, Austria. 4 599 Imported to Sweden from Diehl Wehrtechnik, Germany 10

-6-

60 Russian State Factory at Frunze, Kirgisia, Russia 7 601 Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czech Republic, Factory in Vlasim reportedly made for Kazakhstan 8, 13 601 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 602 Imported to Sweden from Canada and made by SNC. 4 604 Argus, Austria 10 60A 60th Arsenal, Kao Hsiung, Taiwan, Nationalist China 2 61 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 613 Imported to Sweden from Brazil and made by CBC. 4 616 Imported to Sweden from USA and made by Winchester/Olin 4 6201 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 6202 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 6203 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 641 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 651 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 661 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 671 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13

- 7 -

7 Vympel State Production Association, Khabarovsk Territory, Russia 13 71 FFV Zakrisdalsverken, Karlstad, Sweden 4 71 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 710 Russian State Ammunition Factory at Podolsk, Russia 7 711 Russian State Ammunition Factory at Podolsk, Russia 7

- 8 -

81 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 88 Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL 8

- 9 -

911 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 9 9121 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 9141 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 93 Unknown Factory, North Korea 13 944 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 946 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 947 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 9 948 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 95 Unknown Factory, North Korea 13 964 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 9661 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13 9671 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 13

-A -

(Video) Quick Tip: The Do's & Don'ts of Ammo Storage

A-MERC American Ammunition Co., 3545 NW 71st St, Miami, FL 33147 USA 17 A-ZOOM Originally A-ZOOM Ammo, A division of Ready Products Corp., 4 Chrysler, Irvine CA 92618 (800-61READY). Currently owned and operated by Pachmayr, a division of Lyman Products, 475 Smith Street, Middletown, CT 06457 1 A N Lake City Ammunition Plant, Lake City, MO 15 A T 3 Unknown Factory, Yugoslavia (actually is ATZ in Cyrillic letters) 15 A&W Allen & Wheelock, Worchester, MA 3 A American Cartridge Company, Kansas City, MO 3 A American Metallic Cartridge Co., South Coventry, CT 3 A Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd, Pretoria, RSA 1 AA Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark 1 ABT American Ballistics Co., Inc. 1851 Canbdy Lane SW, Marietta, Georgia 30060 1 AC Armeria F.A. San Cristobal, San Cristobal, Dominican Republic 3 ACE Unknown-Perhaps CBC of Brazil 18 ACP Arms Corporation of the Philippines, Parang, Marikina City, Metro Manila, 1800 Republic of the Philippines (formally Squires Bingham Co.-see SB) 17 AD Komando Perindustrian TNI, Angkatan Darat, also known as Pabrik Senjata Mesiu, with ammunition factory at Turen, Maland, East Java (the Bandung facility is a small-arms factory) 1, 7 AD MAST Technologies, originally at Las Vegas, but now located at 14555 US Hwy 95 South, Boulder City, Nevada 89005, USA, on ammunition made for Abu Dhabi 1, 7 ad Patronen-Z√ľndh√ľtchen-u. Metallwarenfabrik, Aktiengesellschaft (formally Sellier & Bellot) ,Sch√∂nebeck/Elbe, Germany-WWII era 1 AE in Israel, for "Eretz Ayalon (Homeland production at Ayalon Factory), a pre-independence Underground factory in the basement of a laundry at Kibbutzim Hill, Rehovot, Israel 1, 7 AEP Anciens √Čtablissements Pieper, Herstal, Belgium 1 AF Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia 3 AFF Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia 1 AGUILA Industrias Tecnos S.A. de C.V., Kilometro 6 Carretera Cuernavaca-Tepoztlan, Cuernavaca, Morelos, M√©xico C.P. 62000 (formally Cartuchos Deportivos de M√©xico S.A.-see CDM) 17 AH (overlaid) Csepel Arsenal near Budspest, Hungary 15 AI Artillerie - Inrichtingen NV, (Now Eurometaal NV) P. O. Box 419, 1500 EH Zaandam, The Netherlands 1 ak Munitionsfabriken (formally Sellier & Bellot), Prague with factory in Vlasim, Czechoslovakia, (Manufactured under German occupation) 1 All German P??? codes See http://users.swing.be/sw017995/german-codes.htm am Gustloff-Werke, Otto Eberhardt-Patronenfabrik (formally Hirtenberger Patronen Z√ľundh√ľtchen & Metallwarenfabrik A.-G.), Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria (Manufactured under German occupation) 1 AMA Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark 1 AMI Anderson Munitions Inc., P.O. Box 2050, Cardova, TN 38088-2050 ( ca' 1996-1998 P.O. Box 17383, Memphis, TN) 17 AMRON AMRON, Guld + Western Systems, Waukesha, WI 53186 USA 18 AMT AmmoTech (Ammutechse), Wierda Park, Centurion, Republic of South Africa 18 AMTECH Amtech International Inc., 4142 Industrial Ave E., Cour d'Alene, ID 83814-2199 17 AO Allegany Ordnance Plant, US 15 AOA Asahi-Okuma Arms Co. Ltd., 5050 Asanimae-Cho, Owari-Asahi, Aichi, Japan 488 (after May 1961-Asahi-Seiki Manfacturing Co. Ltd,) 17 AOC Bombrini Parodi Delfino, Rome, Italy on contract cartridges for Egypt 15 AP Arms Corporation of the Philippines, Parang, Marikina City, Metro Manila, 1800 Republic of the Philippines (formally Squires Bingham Co.-see SB) 1 AP Unknown Factory, France 15 AREX AREX, Proizvodnja orodij, naprav in storitve d.o.o., Trubarjeva 7, 8310 Sentjenej, Slovenia 13 ARS Atelier de Constuction de Rennes, Rennes, France 1 ARS Unknown, possibly A. R. Sampson, Sampson Machine Wroks, Costa Mesa, CA 18 asb Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G. Eichborndamm 107-127, Berlin - Borsigwalde, Germany - WWII 1 ASC Probably F√°brica Nacional de Muni√ß√Ķes de Armas Ligeiras, Chelas, Portugal 1 ATS Atelier de Construction de Tarbes, Tarbes, France 1 aux Polte, Werk Magdeburg, Poltestr. u. Fichtestr.,Magdeburg, Germany 1 auy Polte, Werk Gr√ľneberg (Nordbahn), Germany 19 AV FS Probably Hirtenberger Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria 18 avu Silva Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Genthin, Germany 19 AWA A & W Allendorff, Sprengstoff-und Patronenfabrik, Sch√∂nebeck a. Elbe, Germany (After Aug 1, 1913: √Ėberschlesische Aktiengesellschaft f√ľr Armee und Marine, Abteilung, Sch√∂nebeck a. Elbe 10, Germany---from box label √Ėberschlesische Werke A.-G.) 18 ay Pirkl, Alois, Elektrotechnische-Fabrik, Ruppersdorfstr, 30, Reichenberg/Sud., Germany 1 aym Pov√°zsk√© Stroj√°rne N√°rodn√Ĺ Podnik, Pov√°zsk√° Bystrica, Czechoslovakia 1 AYR A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway 2

-B -

B-WEST B-West Inc., Tucson, Arizona (produced in Russia by Tula) 1 B N Lake City Ammunition Plant, Lake City, MO 15 B T 3 Unknown Factory, Yugoslavia (actually Cyrillic letters VTZ 15 B Berndorfer Metallwarenfabrik Arthur Krupp A.G., Berndorf, Niederdonau 3 B Birmingham Metal and Munitions Co. Ltd., Birmingham, UK 3 B Braun & Bloem, Dusseldorf, Germany 3 B Durjava Voenna Fabrika (D. V. F.), Kazanlak, Bulgaria. 1 B Leon Beaux & Co., Milan, Italy 3 B Pirotecnico di Bologna, Bologna, Italy 1 BAO Durjava Voenna Fabrika (D. V. F.), Kazanlak, Bulgaria 1 BB Bertram Bullet Co. Pty. Ltd., 200 Goulburn Valley Highway, Seymour, Victoria, 3660, Australia 17 BB Braun & Bloem, Dusseldorf, Germany 3 BBM BBM Corporation, 221 Interstate Drive, West Springfield, MA 01089 1 BD Hall's Telegraph Co., Burghfield, UK 15 BE Royal Ordnance Factory, Blackpole, UK 1 BEAUX Leon Beaux & Co. S.p.A., Via Dante, 14, Milano, Italy (address ca' 1956---1929 address: Via Paleocapa 4, Milano) 17 BEST SHOT Target Products Inc., Grand Rapids, MI, USA 18 BF Bakelittfabrikken A/G, Aurskog, Norway 1 BF F√°brica Nacional de Muni√ß√Ķes de Armas Legeiras, Chelas, Portugal 1, 7 BHA Black Hills Ammunition, 3050 Eglin St, Rapid City, SD 57703-9574, USA 17 BM British Munitions, UK 11 BM Bullet Master, 1515 Moo 4 Soi Kwang Rung Kwang Lot, Theparak Road, Samrong Nua, Samutprakarn 10270, Thailand 17 bne Metallwerk Odertal G.m.b.H., Odertal (Post Lautaberg/Harz, Germany 3, 7 bnf Metallwerk Wolfenb√ľttel G.m.b.H., Halchterstr. 2l, Germany 19 BO WAY BOWAY Gun Company, 41 Broadway, Glenelg, South Australia, Australia 18 BOF Bangladesh Ordnance Factory, Bangladesh 13 BPD Bombrini Parodi Delfino, Rome, Italy 1 BPE Unknown 18 BPS Boland Production Supply, Winter Haven, FL, USA 18 BROWNING Browning Arms Company, Route #1, Morgan, Utah 84050 1 Buffalo Rock Buffalo Rock Shooters Supply, Route 1, Ottawa, WI 61350 (on cases made by Starline) 17 BULLSEYE Unknown-found on 38 Special in Hong Kong China 18 bxn Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Factory in Zbrojovka Vl√†sim, 1 byw Johannes Schaefer, Stettiner Schrauben-werk, Stettin, Germany 19

- C -

C-B COR-BON, 1311 Industrial Rd, Sturgis, SD 57785 1 C-P Crompton Parkinson Co. Ltd, Doncaster, Yorkshire, U.K. 8 C N Lake City Ammunition Plant, Lake City, MO 15 C Creedmore Cartridge Co., Barberton OH 3 C Munitionsfabrik Cassel, Cassel, Germany 1 C Pirotecnico Dell'Esercito Capua, Capua, Italy 1 CAC Colonial Ammunition Co., Footscray, Australia 11 CAC Colonial Ammunition Company, Auckland, New Zealand 2 CALGARY P.S. Olin Corp., East Alton, IL 62024, USA (for the Calgary Police Services in Canada) 18 CAVIM Compa√Ī√≠a Anonima Venezolana de Industrias Militares, Apartado Postal: 66.459-1061 - Urb. Las Mercedes, Calle Jalisco, Edificio CAVIM, Caracas 1060, Venezuela 7 CB Cartoucherie Belge, Liege, Belgium 1 CBC Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos, Avenida Industrial No 3330, Santo Andre, Estado de S√Ęo Paulo, Brazil (ca'1997: Av Humberto de Compos 3220, 09400 000 Ribeirao Pires SP, Brazil) 1 CCC Canyon Cartridge Company, 141 Albertson Ave, Albertson, NY 1 CCC Creedmoor Cartridge Co., Barberton, OH 3 CCI Cascade Cartridge Internacional S.A. de C.V., KM. 419.45 Carretera Central, San Luis Potosi, Mexico (Partially owned by CCI of the USA from mid 1960s to early 1990s) 18 CCI Omark Industries, CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID 83501 USA 1 CDL C D Leet, Springfield, MA 3 CDM Cartuchos Deportivos de M√©xico, S.A., Kilometro 6 Carretera Cuernavaca -Tepoztlan, Cuernavaca, Morelos, M√©xico, C.P. 62000 (now Industrias Tecnos-see AGUILA) 1, 7 cdp Theodor Bergmann & Co., K.-G., Waffen- und Munitionsfabrik, Werk Bernau, Kleistrasse 21, Berlin W 62, Germany 7 CF Cartoucherie Fran√ßaise, Paris, France 3 CG ofors Carl Gustaf AB, (Formerly FFV F√∂renede Fabriksverken), Van√§sverken, Karlsborg, Sweden (and since 1998, NAMMO Van√§sverken. Carl Gustaf name is no longer used, but "CG will continue to be used as a headstamp) 7 cg Finower Industrie G.m.b.H., Finow/Mark, Germany 19 ch Fabrique Nationale D'Armes de Guerre (FN), Herstal, Belgium, Under German occupation and management by Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G. 1 CHAMPION Unknown (cases made by Starline) 18 CI Cascade Cartridge Internacional S.A. de C.V., KM. 419.45 Carretera Central, San Luis Potosi, Mexico (Partially owned by CCI of the USA from mid 1960s to early 1990s) 17 CIS Unknown Factory, Singapore 15 CJ China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 1 CMB Manurhin, France for Brazil 15 CMC Uzinale Metalwrgica di Corsa Mica SI, Cugir, Romania 1 CN China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 1 CN Unknown Factory, France 15 CNIC China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 13 COLT Colt Inc, Military Arms Division, 150 Huyshope Ave., Hartford, CT 06102 and also Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Inc., P.O. Box 1868, Hartford, CT 06144 1 COR-BON COR-BON, 1311 Industrial Rd, Sturgis, SD 57785 7 CP Crompton Parkinson Co. Ltd, Guiseley, Yorkshire, U.K. (1939-1945) 8 CPM Canadian Professional Munitions Ltd., 300 Railway St., Raymond, Alberta T0K 2S0, Canada 18 CRB Cartoucherie Russo-Belge, Liege, Belgium 3 CROWN Crown Aircartridges Ltd., P.O. Box 25, Bexhill upon Sea, East Sussex, TN39 4QB, England, UK 1,18 CT Societ√† Metallurgica Italiana, Campo Tizzoro, Italy (CT = Campo Tizzoro) 15 CTMCo Crittenden-Tibbals Manufacturing Co., South Coventry, CT 3 CV Cartoucherie Volta√Įque (CARVOLT), Ouagadoudou, R√®publique Volta√Įque (formally Upper Volta) 1

- D -

D&C Dreyse & Collenbusch, Sommerda, Germany 3 D&S D & S Manufacturing Inc., Route 1, Box 381, Passadumkeag, Maine 04475 7 D Dominion Cartridge Co., Montreal, Quebec, Canada 3 D Dum Dum Arsenal, Calcutta, India 11 D E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. Wilmington DE 2 D Gustav Genschow & Co., Durlach, Germany 3 D K√∂nigliche Munitions Fabrik, Dresden Royal Munitions Factory (Government Facility), Dresden, Germany 1 D22 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 15 d53 Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China 15 DA Dominion Arsenal, Qu√©bec, Canada 1 DAC Dominion Arsenal, Qu√©bec, Canada 1 DAG Dynamit Nobel A-G, Troisdorf, Germany, (previously Geco and DNG Gustav Genchow, Karlsruhe) 1 DAL Dominion Arsenal, Lindsay, Ontario, Canada 11 DAQ Dominion Arsenal, Qu√©bec, Canada 1 DC Dominion Cartridge Co. Ltd., Brownsburg, Qu√©bec, Canada 1 DCA Dominion Arsenal, Qu√©bec, Canada 11 DCCO Dominion Cartridge Co. Ltd., Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1 DDDD DUDS Ammunition and Supply Co., PO Box 363, Barton, Vermont 05822 1 de Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Leipzig, Germany 19 DEN Denver Ordnance Plant, Denver, CO 2 DF Dum-Dum Arsenal, Calcutta, India 3 DFA Delta Frangible Ammunition LLC (Formally Delta Defense Inc.), 1235 Jeff Davis Highway Suite 710, Arlington, VA 22202 1 DGSN Direction G√©n√©rale de la S√Ľret√© Nationale, (National Police), Morocco 1 DI Defence Industries Ltd., Canadian Industries Ltd, Park Avenue Plant, Montreal, Canada 1 DM Des Moines Ordnance Plant, Des Moines, Iowa 2 DM Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., , Fr√ľher Lorenz , Karlsruhe, Germany 1 DMK Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., (Previously Deutsche Metall-Patronen-Fabrik), Karlsruhe, Germany 1 dnb Borck u. Goldschmidt, Mechanische Werk-st√§tten f√ľr Telegrafie und Telefonie, Berlin 0 l7, Fruchstrasse l-2, Germany 19 dnf Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk N√ľrnberg-Stadeln, Germany 1 DNG Dynamit Nobel A.-G., Troisdorf, Germany, (Previously Geco and later DAG, Gustav Genchow, Karlsruhe) 1 dnh Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., (Previously Gustav Genschow & Co. ) Werk Durlach, Germany . 1 dom Westf√§lische Metall-Industrie A.-G., Lippstadt, Germany 7 DOMINION Dominion Ammunition Division, Canadian Industries Ltd, Montreal, Quebec Canada 1 dou Waffenwerke Br√ľnn A.-G., Werk Pov√°zsk√° Bystrica, formally Czech National Arms and Ammunition Factory, Pov√°zsk√° Bystrica, Czechoslovakia under German occupation 1 DRS Dansk Rekylriffel Syndikat, Copenhagen, Denmark 3 DWA Deutsche Werke A.-G., Berlin, Germany 1 DWM B Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin - Borsigwalde, Germany 1 DWM H ederlandsche Wapen-en Munitiefabriek NV., "DE KRUITHOORN, 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands 3 DWM K Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken, Karlsruhe, Germany 1 DWM L Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., (Previously Deutsche Metall-Patronen-Fabrik), L√ľbeck, Germany 7 DZ Unknown Factory, Poland 15

- E -

E K Greek Powder and Cartridge Co., Athens, Greece 15 E Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England 3 E Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan (character is a backwards E and is YO in Japanese) 15 EB Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England 11 eba Metallwarenfabrik Scharfenberg-u. Teubert G.m.b.H., Breitungen-Werra Germany 19 EC Eau Claire Ordnance Plant, Eau Claire, WI 2 EC Evansville Ordnance Plant (Chrysler), Evansville, OH 2 ECCC Metallwerk Elisenh√ľtte GmbH., Nassau / Lahn, Germany for the European Cartridge Collectors Club 1 ECS Evansville Chrysler, Sunbeam Ordnance Plant, Evansville, Indiana. 8 edq Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken A.-G., L√ľbeck-Schlutup, Wesl√∂rstrasse, Germany 19 eej M√§rkisches Walzwerk G.m.b.H., Strausberg Bez. Potsdam, Germany 1 eey Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H., Werk R√∂derhof, Germany 19 EID √Čtablissements Industriels de D√©fense, Damascus, Syria 1 EIGN Unknown Factory, Yugoslavia 15 ELD Eldorado Cartridge Co., Boulder City, Nevada 89005-0308 (wholly owned by Pan Metal Corp. (PMC) of Poongsan, Korea) 1 ELEY Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines 1 ELEY Eley Brothers, Ltd., London, England 1 emp Dynamit A.-G., Werk Empelde, (formally Alfred Nobel & Co.), Empelde, Germany 1 EMZ Eurometaal-Zaandam. Zaandam, Netherlands 15 ENK Greek Powder and Cartridge Co., Athens, Greece 1 eom H. Huck Metallwarenfabrik, N√ľrnberg, W., Gostenhofer Hauptstrasse 61/63, Germany 19 EW Eau Claire Ordnance Plant, Eau Claire, WI 2

- F -

F DE C F√°brica de Municiones del Ej√©rcito, Lima, Per√ļ 15 F DE M √°brica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, M√©xico (near Mexico City) Note: The "F de M actually stands for just F√°brica de Municiones 1 F TC I Fabrikalar Iskenderun, T√ľrkiye Cumhuriyeti, (Iskenderun Factory, Turkish Republic) 1 F Cartoucherie Fran√ßaise, Paris, France 3 F F√°bricas y Maestranzas del Ej√©rcito, Santiago, Chile 15 F Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, PA 3 F Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy 1 F P.W. U. Fabryka Amunicji, Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland 3 F Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia 11 FA Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, PA 2 faa Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Karlsruhe, Germany 1 FAMAE F√°bricas y Maestranzas del Ej√©rcito, Santiago, Chile 15 FAMAP F√°brica Argentina Militar de Munici√≥n de Armas Port√°tiles, San Lorenzo, Argentina 15 FAME F√°brica de Municiones del Ej√©rcito, Lima, Per√ļ 1 FAMMAP F√°brica Argentina Militar de Munici√≥n de Armas Port√°tiles, San Lorenzo, Argentina 1 FAS abryka Amunicji, Skarzysko, Skarzysko-Kamienna, (later "HASAG under German occupation) 1 fb Mansfeld A.-G., Abt. Metallwarenfabrik, Werk Rothenburg/Saale, Germany 1 FC Departmento de la Industrial Militar, Mexico City, Mexico 1 FC Federal Cartridge Corp., Anoka, MN 55303 (also produced in Germany and Austria for Federal) 1 FC Prvi Partizan, Titovo, Uzice 31000, Yugoslavia 1 FCI Fabrica de Cartuchos de Itajuba, Minas Geraia, Brazil 15 FCPQ F√°brica De Cartuchos e P√≥lvoras Quimicas, Chelas, Portugal 1 fer Metallwerk Wandhofen G.m.b.H., Schwerte/Ruhr, Germany 19 FFV F√∂renede Fabriksverken, Karlsborg, Sweden 1 FIOCCHI Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy 1 FLB √°brica Militar "Fray Lu√≠s Beltran, San Lorenzo, Argentina 1 FM FLB F√°brica Militar Fray Luis Beltran, San Lorenzo, Argentina 1 FM √Čtablissements Industriels de D√©fense, Damascus, Syria 1 FM F√°brica Militar de Cartuchos de San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina 3 FM F√°brica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, M√©xico (near Mexico City) 2 FMC SL √°brica Militar de Cartuchos de San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina (formally F√°brica Militar de Munici√≥n de Armas Port√°tiles "Borghi) 1 FMCSF F√°brica Militar de Cartuchos San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina 1 FME F√°bricas y Maestranzas del Ej√©rcito, Santiago, Chile 1 FMEP F√°brica de Municiones del Ej√©rcito, Lima, Per√ļ 15 FMG F√°bricas y Maestranzas del Ej√©rcito, Santiago, Chile 15 FMMAP B √°brica Militar de Munici√≥n de Armas Port√°tiles "Borghi, San Lorenzo, Argentina 1 FMMAP SF F√°brica Militar de Munici√≥n de Armes Port√°tiles San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina 1 FMSF F√°brica Militar de San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina 1 FMSL F√°brica Militar San Lorenzo, San Lorenzo, Argentina 1 FN Fabrique Nationale d'Armes de Guerre (FN), Herstal, Belgium 1 FNB Fabrique Nationale Herstal, Herstal, Belgium 1 FNC MEXICO F√°brica Nacional de Cartuchos, Santa Fe, M√©xico (near Mexico City) 15 FNCM F√°brica Nacional de Cartuchos e Muni√ß√Ķes, Sao Paulo, Brazil 7 FNM F√°brica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, M√©xico (near Mexico City) 3 FNM F√°brica Nacional de Muni√ß√Ķes de Armas Ligeiras, Chelas, Portugal 1 FNM Unknown Factory, Mexico 15 FNP F√°brica Nacional de Palencia, Spain 1 FNT F√°brica Nacional de Toledo, currently known as Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain 1, 7 FOMU Fabryka Oruzja i Municje, Prvi Partizan, Uzice, Serbia, Yugoslavia 1 FP Unknown Manufacturer-on 7.62mm NATO cartridge from Central Africa 15 FR F√°brica do Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2 FRONTIER Frontier Cartridge Company Inc., Grand Island, NE 68801 1 fva Draht-u. Metallfabriken G.m.b.H., Salzwedel, Germany 1 FVV&C Fitch Van Vechten & Co., New York, NY 3

- G -

G B Deutsche Waffen-u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Karlsruhe, Germany 1 G C CO Graphite Cartridge Company, Washington, DC 2 G D Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany 1 G F.1 Government Cartridge Factory N¬į1, probably Enfield, UK 1918 headstamp 11 G F.3 Government Cartridge Factory N¬į3, probably Sparbrook, UK 1918 headstamp 11 G Federal Cartridge Corp., Minneapolis, MN 3 G G√©velot S. A., (Soci√®t√® Fran√ßaise des Munitions), Paris, France 3 G Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK 3 GA Grenfeil & Accles Ltd., Birmingham, UK 3 GA Unknown Factory, Singapore (note that this is probably a date code since Singapore used GG for 1977 and GH for 1978 15 GB Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK 3 GBF Greenwood & Batley Ltd, UK 11 GD Dynamit Nobel A.-G., Troisdorf, Germany (formally Geco and DNG Gustav Genschow, Karlsruhe) 1 Ge D Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany 1 GE General Electric, Cleveland, OH 2 GE Georg Egestorff, Linden, Germany 3 GEA Guilford Engineering Associates Inc., 332 Stepstone Hill Road, Guilford, Conn. 06437 1 Geco Dynamit Nobel A/G, Troisdorf, Germany 1 Geco Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany 1 GEVELOT G√©velot S. A., (Soci√®t√® Fran√ßaise des Munitions), Paris, France 3 GF G. Egestorff, Linden, Germany 3 GFL Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy 1 GG&Co Gustav Genschow & Company, Durlach, Germany 1 GI Dynamit Nobel A/G, Troisdorf, Germany 1 GKB George Kynoch, Birmingham 11 GPC Greek Powder & Cartridge Company, Athens, Greece 3 GR eorge Roth & Co., Austria. The letters "GR usually appear in trademark-style, with the letters intertwined 3 GSF Unknown Factory, France---used under German occupation in 1944. 15 GT Gevelot S.A.,Paris, France on cartridges made for Pakistan in 1950-1960 15

- H -

H&F Hardy & Fils S.A., 251 Av. Louis, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium 1 H Hirtenberger Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria 1 H Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinenfabrik, Dusseldorf, Germany 1 H Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT 3 HA Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet), Copenhagen, Denmark 1 HALGER Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., N√ľrnberg-U. Germany for Halbe & Gerlich, Hamburg (1922-1929) 8 HCC Prvi Partizan, 31000 Titovo, Uzice, Yugoslavia for the Hansen Cartridge Company, Southport CT 13 HERTER'S Herters Inc., Waseca, MN (produced in Sweden) 1 hhw Metallwerke Silberh√ľtte G.m.b.H., St. Andreasberg i/Harz, Germany 19 HI-PER Hi-Performance Cartridge Corp., 133 Blue Bell Rd, Greensboro, NC 27406 1 HK H. Huck Metallwarenfabrik, N√ľrnburg, Germany 2 HL Haerens Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark from 1912 - 1937 15 hla Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H., Werk Sebaldushof, Germany 1 hlb Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen, G.m.b.H., Werk Selterhof, Germany 3 hlc Zieh-und Stanswerk G.m.b.H., Werk Schleusingen/Th√ľr., Germany 3 HN Royal Ordnance Factory, Hirwaun, UK 1 HOWITZER Howitzer Products Limited, Blocks 1-5 Besselsleigh, Abingdon, Oxford OX13 5PZ England (cases produced in US by Starline) 1 HP Hirtenberger Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Niederdonau, Austria 1 hrn Presswerk G.m.b.H., Metgethen, Ostprussia, Germany 1 HXP Greek Powder & Cartridge Company, Athens, Greece 2

- I -

(Video) Headstamp (Everything WEAPONRY & MORE)ūüí¨‚öĒÔłŹūüŹĻūüď°ūü§ļūüĆéūüėú‚úÖ

I Jubbelpore Arsenal, Jubbelpore, India 11 IAC Unknown Factory, West Germany ca'1965 15 ICI Kynoch Works, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, UK 3 IK Igman Zavod, Konjic, Yugoslavia 2 IM Industria Militar, Bogota, Colombia 1 IMG Industrias Militares de Guatemala, Guatemala 8 IMI Israel Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 IMPA Industries Metallurgica y Plastica, Argentina 15 IMPERIAL Industries Valcartier Inc., Valcartier, Quebec, Canada 2 INDUMIL Industria Militar, Bogota, Colombia 1 INTERARMCO Fabrique Nationale Herstal, Herstal, Belgium for Interarmco of Virginia, USA 2 IVI Industries Valcartier Inc., Valcartier, Quebec, Canada 1 IWK Industrie Werke Karlsruhe (formally DWM), Karlsruhe, Germany 15

- J -

J-A0A Asahi-Seiki Manufacturing Co. Ltd., (until 1961, Asahi-Okuma Arms Co. Ltd) ,5050 Asahimae-cho, Owari-Asahi. Asahi, Japan 488 1 J-AO Asahi-Seiki Manufacturing Co. Ltd., (until 1961, Asahi-Okuma Arms Co. Ltd) ,5050 Asahimae-cho, Owari-Asahi. Asahi, Japan 488 15 J-CH Chuo-Kayaku-Kayo-Kaisha Co. , Japan 15 J-ST Showa-Kayaku, Inc., Totsuka, Japan 15 J-TE Toyo Seiki Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Japan 7 J Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co./Nobel, Birmingham, UK 11 J are basically interchangeable in German. Archaic spelling of this arsenal was "Jngolstadt. 1 JE China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 1 JR J. Roth, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia 1

- K -

K-1 Unknown Factory, Republic of Korea (probably the Army Arsenal in Dongrae before it was purchased by PMC in 1982) 8 K Karlsborg Arsenal, Karlsborg, Sweden 4 K Kirkee Arsenal, Poona-3, Kirkee, India 11 K Kynoch Factories, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, England 1 K Probably Kaunas Arsenal, Kaunas, Lithuania 1 K2 Kynoch (I.C.I.), Standish, UK (1943-1944) 11 K4 Kynoch (I.C.I.), Yeading, UK (1942-1944) 11 K5 Kynoch (I.C.I.), Kidderminster, UK (1944) 11 KA Pusan Government Arsenal, Pusan, Republic of Korea 2 kam Hasag Eisen u. Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Werk Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland (formally Fabryka Amuniciji, Skarzysko, Kamienna) 1 KC (K&C) Keller & Co., Hirtenberg, Austria 3 KF Kirkee Arsenal, Poona-3, Kirkee, India 1 KH Khamaria Arsenal, Khamaria, India 11 KN Kings Norton Metal Co. Ltd, Abbey Wood, Kent, UK 3 KOF Kenya Ordnance Factory, Kenya 8 KOPP KOPP TZP sro, 671 56 Pavlice, Czech Republic (made in Russia) 1 KP Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland. 8,13 KS Allegany Ordnance Plant (operated by Kelly-Springfield Tire Co.), Cumberland, MD, USA 15 KTW KTW Inc., Lorain, Ohio, (later North American Ordnance Corp, Pontiac, Michigan) 1 KYNOCH Kynoch Factories, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., Birmingham, England 1

- L -

L Y China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 1 L Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland 3 L Lignose A.-G., Berlin, Germany 3 L Lindener Z√ľndh√ľtchen-und Thonwarenfabrik, Hannover, Germany 1 L Lorenz Patronenfabrik (Ammunition & Ordnance Co.), Karlsruhe, Germany 11, 12 LAC Dominion Arsenal, Lindsay, Australia 11 LAPUA Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland 1 LB Leon Beaux & Company, Milan, Italy 3 LB Longbow Inc., PO Box 624, Burns Flat, OK 73624 1 LBC Leon Beaux & Company, Milan, Italy 1 LC Lake City Ammunition Plant, Lake City, MO 2 LC M√•travid√®ki F√®mm√ľvek, H-3332 Sirok, Hungary, for: Armscorp USA Inc., Baltimore, MD 1 LE Giulio Fiocchi, Lecco, Italy 1 LIBRA Libra, 67153 JeviŇ°ovice 234-CR, Czech Republic 1 LM Cartoucherie du Mans, Le Mans, France 1 LM Lowell Ordnance Plant, Lowell, MA, USA (1942-1943) 15 lpk Servotechna A.-G., Prague, Czechoslovakia under German occupation 1 LRS Lead Recovery Systems, Inc., (a division of 3-D Co.), Doniphan, Nebraska 1 LVE Novosibirsk Low -Voltage Equipment Plant Plc., 30A, Stantsionnaya St, Novosikirsk, 630108, Russia 1

- M -

M M Musgrave Manufacturers and Distributors (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 183, Bloemfontein, Republic of South Africa 1 M&D M&D Munitions Ltd., Farmington, Long Island, New York 11735 1 M&S Klaus Mayer & Sons, Arnsberg and Neheim-Husten, Germany 3 M Ammunitionsfabriken Marieberg, Stockholm, Sweden 1 M Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co./Nobel, Birmingham, UK 11 M Milwaukee Ordnance Plant, Milwaukee, WI, USA (1942-1943) 15 M Munizioni e Cartucce Martignoni, Genoa, ItaLY 3 M Standard Electrica, Madrid, Spain (during Spanish Civil War-on 9x19mm) 15 M+FA Government Factory, Altdorf, Switzerland 15 MA Probably Mukden Arsenal, Mukden China (from the 1920s) 15 MAL Syarikat Malaysia Explosives Ltd., Batu-Arang, Malaysia 1 MANUCAM Manufacture Camerounnaise de Munitions, Cameroon 1 MASTER Master Cartridge Co. (now Georgia Arms), Villa Rica, GA 1 MAXIM Maxim Munitions Corp., Waterton, NY 1 MAYER Klaus Mayer & Sons, Arnsberg and Neheim-Husten, Germany 2 MCM McLearn's Custom Machines, Claremore, Oklahoma 5 MCM Munizioni e Cartucce Martignoni, S.p.A., Genoa, Italy 1 ME Metallwerk Elisenh√ľtte G.m.b.H., Nassau, Lahn, Germany 2 MEN Metallwerk Elisenh√ľtte G.m.b.H., Nassau, Lahn, Germany 1 MEP MEP SPOL. S.R.O., Predni KoPanina 61, 164 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic 1 MESKO Abbreviation for Marka Export Solidnosc Knokurencyjnosc Otwartosc. The company name is Zaklady Metalowe MESKO, Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland 7 METALLVERKEN AB Svenska Metallverken A.B., Stockholm, Sweden 1 MEXICO F√°brica Nacional de Municiones, Santa Fe, M√©xico (near Mexico City) 2 MF Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 1 Footscray, Australia 1 MFS Magyar L√∂szergy√°rt√≥ Kft., M√°travid√©ki F√©mm√ľvek, H-332 Sirok, Hungary 1 MFS Munitions Factory, Sundari, Nepal 1 MFT Munitionsfabrik Thun, Thun, Switzerland 1 MG Marcel Gaupillat & Co., Paris, France 3 MG Small Arms Ammunition Factory No. 2 Footscray, Australia 3 MGM Manufacture Generale de Munitions, Bourg-les-Valence, France 3 MH Military Small Arms Factory No. 3, Hendon, Australia 1 MI Robert Paulet & Cie, Soci√©t√© M√©ridionale d'Industrie, Marseille, France 1 MIDWAY Midway Arms Inc., Columbia, MO. 1 MJ Small Arms Ammunition Factory N¬į4, Hendon, Australia 11 MKE Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi, Kurumu, Turkey 1 ML (overlaid) Magyar L√∂szermuvek RT, Veszprem, Hungary 1 MMCo Mathews Manufacturing Co. (Pty) Ltd, PO Box 8188, Belmont Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) 1 MMM Manufacturas Metalicas Madrilenas, Spain (1959-1964) 15 MNAM Manufacture Nationale d'Armes et de Munitions, Morocco 1 MQ Small Arms Ammunition Factory N¬į5, Rocklea, Australia 11 MR Manufacture de Machines du Haut-Rhin, (Manurhin), Mulhouse-Bourtzwiller, France 1 MRP Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos, Santo Andre, Estado de San Paulo, Brazil, for Magtech Recreation Products, Inc., Las Vegas, Nevada (now Magtech Ammunition Company, Madison, Ct. 05443) 1 MS Manusaar, West Germany (1957-1963) 15 MS Small Arms Ammunition Factory N¬į7, Salisbury, Australia 11 MSA Mines Safety Appliance Co., Pittsburgh, PA 3 MUNCHEN Koenigliche Arsenal, Munich, Germany 8 MUNICO Industries Valcartier Inc., Montreal, Qu√©bec, Canada (Made for Politek Distribution Inc., Qu√©bec) 1 mus Musgrave Manufacturers and Distributors (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 183, Bloemfontein, Republic of South Africa 2 MW Munitions Werke, Schoenebeck a.Elbe, Germany 1 MW Small Arms Ammunition Factory N¬į6, Welshpool, Australia 11 MYRA Myra's Sports Stors, Broken Hills, N.S.W., Australia ca 1973 15

- N -

N S China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 7 N Birmingham Metals & Munitions Co., Birmingham, UK 11 N Dum Dum Arsenal, Dum Dum, India 11 N National Cartridge Co, Belleville, IL 3 N Nitrogen Budapest, Budapest, Hungary 3 N P.W.U. Fabryka Amunicji, Skarzyskó-Kamienna, Poland Note: PWU stands for Panstwowe Wytwornie Uzbrojenia (National Factory of Armaments). N usually shown as Norblin the metal supplier 1, 7 N Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff, A.-G., Nuremburg, Germany 1 N Unknown Factory, Found in Central Africa 15 NA National Arms & Ammunition Co., Birmingham, UK 11 NACo Newton Arms Company, Buffalo, NY 2 NATIONAL National Cartridge Co., Atlanta, GA 30315 1 nbe Hasag, Eisen-und Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Werk Apparatebau Tschenstochau, Germany 19 NC National Conduit & Cable Co., Hastings-on Hudson, NY 2 ndn Unknown, probably post-war Czechoslovakia 1 NEVINS Nevins Ammunition, Inc., Boise, ID 83709 1 NGA New Generation Ammunition Pty Ltd, Box 9207, Hennopsmeer 0046 R.S.A. 1 NIC NORINCO (North China Industries Corp.), Peoples Republic of China 1 nny rvi Partizan-Namenska Proizvodnja, Titovo, Uzice 31000, Yugoslavia. These are actually Cyrillic letters equal to "PPU in the Western alphabet. 1 NORMA ÅB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden 1 NP ÅB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden 3 NPA New Generation Ammunition Pty Ltd, Box 9207, Hennopsmeer 0046 R.S.A. (contract for Taiwan-NPA=National Police Administration) Cases made by Pretoria Metal Pressings Ltd., Pretoria, Republic of South Africa 1 NPA Olympic Arms & Ammunition S. A., Acioupoli, Kulois, Greece (contract for Taiwan-NPA=National Police Administration) Cases made by Sellier & Bellot, Prague 1 nr POBEDA, Gorazde, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia-Herzogovina) 1 NRC China North Industries Corp., (NORINCO), 7A Yue Tan Nan Jie, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China 7 nts resswerk u. Drechslerwarenfabrik, "SPILBA, Jnh. Kaiser & Pichl, Liban Kreis Fitschin/Protektorat, Germany (now part of the Czech Republic) 7 NWM ederlandsche Wapen-en Munitiefabriek NV., "DE KRUITHOORN, 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands 1

- O -

O Sellier & Bellot, Prague, VlaŇ°im, Czechoslovakia 1 OFN Ordnance Factory Nigeria, Lagos, Nigeria 1 √ĖJP √Ėsterreichische Jagdpatronenfabrik, Kramsach, Tirol, Austria 2 oma Unknown, probably post-war Czechoslovakia 1 ONEX Office National Des Substances Explosives, Hussein Dey, Algeria 13 ORBEA Cartucheria Orbea Argentina, Argentina 3 OS (overlaid) Oberschlesische A.-G., Sch√∂nebeck/Elbe 1 OTAL Unknown, Canada 1 oxo Teuto Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Osnabr√ľck, Germany 1 oyj Ateliers de Construction de Tarbes, France (under German occupation) 15

- P -

P-D Precison Delta Corporation, P.O. Box 128, Ruleville, MS 38771 1 P C H Greek Powder & Cartridge Co., Athens, Greece (ca 1940) 15 P Fabrica Nacional de Palencia, Palencia, Spain 7 P Fabrique Nationale d'Armes de Guerre (FN), Herstal, Belgium 1 P Hirtenberger Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen-und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G., Hirtenberg, Austria 1 P M√°travid√©ki F√©mm√ľvek Sirok, Sirok, Hungary 1 P Patronenfabrik A.-G., Solothurn, Switzerland 1 P Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH 2 P Pirotecnia de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain 7 P Polte, Werk Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany 1 P Pretoria Metal Pressings Ltd., Pretoria, Republic of South Africa 1 P PT Pindad (Persero), under management of PT Bahana Pakarya Industrisi Strategis (Persero). Formerly known as Pabrik Senjata Mesiu. Ammunition factory at Turen Malang, West Java, Indonesia 13 P120 Dynamit A.-G., vormals Alfred Nobel & Co., Werk Empelde, Germany 1 P131 Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin-Borsigwalde, Germany 1 P132 Draht-und Metallwarenfabriken G.m.b.H., Salzwedel, Germany 19 P14A Waffenwerke Br√ľnn A.-G., Werk Povazsk√° Bystrica, (Later Povazsk√° Stroj√°rne), Povazsk√°, Bystrica, Czechoslovkia under German occupation 1 P151 Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk N√ľrnberg-Stadeln., Germany 1 P154 Polte Werk Gr√ľneberg, Gr√ľneberg (Nordbahn), Germany 3 P162 Presswerke G.m.b.H., Metgethen/Ostpr., Germany 19 P163 Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H., Werk Selterhof, Germany 19 P181 Hugo Schneider A.-G., Leipsig, Germany 3 P186 Metallwerk Wolfenb√ľttel G.m.b.H., Halchterstr. 2l, Germany 19 P198 Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H., Werk R√∂derhof, Germany 19 P207 Metallwerk Odertal G.m.b.H., Odertal (Post Lautaberg/Harz), Germany 19 P249 Finower Industrie G.m.b.H., Finow/Mark, Germany 19 P25 Metallwarenfabrik Treuenbritzen G.m.b.H, Werk Sebaldushof, Sebaldushof, Germany 1 P28 Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Karlsruhe, Germany 1 P315 M√§rkisches Walzwerk G.m.b.H., Strausberg bez. Potsdam, Germany 19 P316 Westf√§lische Metall-Industrie A.-G., Lippstadt, Germany 19 P334 Mansfeld A.-G. Metallwarenfabrik, Werk Rothenburg/Saale, Rothenburg, Germany 1 P340 Metallwerke Silberh√ľtte G.m.b.H., St. Andreasberg i/Harz, Germany 19 P345 Silva Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Genthin, Germany 19 P346 H. Huck Metallwarenfabrik, N√ľrnberg, W., Gostenhofer Hauptstrasse 61/63, Germany 19 P369 Teuto Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Osnabr√ľck, Germany 1 P370 Teuto Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Osnabr√ľck, Klosterstrasse 29, Germany 19 P379 Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Berlin-K√∂penick, Germany 19 P405 Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk Durlach (vormals Gustav Genschow), Durlach, Germany 1 P413 Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken A.-G., L√ľbeck-Schlutup, Wesl√∂rstrasse, Germany 19 P442 Zieh-und Stanswerk G.m.b.H., Werk Schleusingen/Th√ľringen, Germany 19 P490 Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Altenburg, Germany 19 P491 Metallwerk Wandhofen G.m.b.H., Schwerte/Ruhr, Germany 19 P54S Showa Kinzoku Ltd., Tokyo, Japan (Ca 1954 for police) 15 P635 Gustloff-Werke Otto Eberhardt-Patronenfabrik, Hirtenberg Niederdonau, Austria under German occupation 1 P67 Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen- und Metallwaren-fabrik A.-G. vormals Sellier und Bellot, Germany 19 P69 Patronen-, Z√ľndh√ľtchen- und Metallwarenfabrik A.-G. (formerly Sellier & Bellot) Sch√∂nebeck a. Elbe, Germany 3 P90D Munitionsfabriken vormals Sellier & Bellot, Prag, Fabrik in Vlasim, Occupied Czechoslovakia 19 P94 Kabel- u. Metallwerke Neumeyer A.-G., N√ľrnberg, Germany 3 pae Reportedly Hasag, Eisen-und Metallwerke G.m.b.H., Werk Skarzysko-Kamienna, Occupied Poland 19 Pak Munitionsfabriken vormals Sellier & Bellot, Prag, Fabrik in Vlasim, Occupied Czechoslovakia 19 PC Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH 11 PC Pirotecnico Esercito-Capua, Capua, Italy 15 PCCo Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH 2 Pcdp Theodor Bergmann & Companie, K.-G., Waffen- und Munitionsfabrik, Werk Bernau, Berlin W62, Kleistrasse 21, Germany 1 PEC Pirotecnico Esercito-Capua, Capua, Italy 1 PENN Penn Ammo Inc., Delmont, PA 15626 1 PETERS Peters Cartridge Company, Cincinnati, OH 1 PF Patronenfabrik Solothurn A/G, Solothurn, Switzerland 3 PH Parker Hale, Probably Birmingham, UK 11 PINDAD PT Pindad (Persero), under management of PT Bahana Pakarya Industrisi Strategis (Persero). Formerly known as Pabrik Senjata Mesiu. Ammunition factory at Turen Malang, West Java, Indonesia 7 PJJ Danish Government Arsenal (Ammunitionsarsenalet) Copenhagen, Denmark-under German Occupation 1 PK Pocisk, Spolka Akcyjna, Warsaw, Poland 3 PKI Unknown, made in one of the countries that use to be part of Yugoslavia 13 PM Proffitt's Machining Inc., Greenback, TN 1 PMC Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Angang Ammunition Plant). Note that the "M" is shaped like an upside "W" 1 PMC Eldorado Cartridge Corporation (previously Patton and Morgan Corp., and Pan Metal Corp. ) PO Box 62508, Boulder City, NV 89006. The PMC headstamped ammunition for ECC has been made in Korea, the Philippines, Mexico and the Repuclic of South Africa. 1 PMP Pretoria Metal Pressings Ltd., Pretoria, Republic of South Africa 1 pmt Kabel-und Metallwerke Neumeyer A.-G., Werk M√ľnchen, Germany 19 PMV Unknown Factory, Cuba 15 PNP ("Peruvian National Police) 1 PO Oramil S.A. Divisi√≥n A. M., San Sebasti√°n, Spain. PO stands for Pl√°sticas Oramil. 1 POF Pakistan Ordnance Factories, Wah Cantt, Pakistan 1 PP Prvi Partizan, 31000 Titovo, Uzice, Yugoslavia 1 PPU Prvi Partizan, 31000 Titovo, Uzice, Yugoslavia 1 PRO-LOAD Pro Load Ammunition Inc., 5180 E. Seltice Way, Post Falls, ID 83854, (Formally: 1120 S. Varney St., Burbank, CA 91502) 1 PS Giulio Fiocchi S.p.A., Lecco, Italy 1 PS Pirotecnia Militar de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain 1 PS Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Angang Ammunition Plant) 2 PS Pov√°zsk√© Stroj√°rne, Pov√°zsk√° Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) 1 PSD Poongsan Metal Manufacturing Company Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea (probably at the Dongrae Ammunition Plant) 7 PSM abrik Senjata Mesiu (also seen in factory literature as "Pabrik Senjata Munisi), Turen Malang, West Java, Indonesia 7 PT Lapuan Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland. "VPT" headstamp with the "V" removed 13 Pu Unknown (Perhaps Burgsm√ľller, Kreiensen, Germany) 1 PX Unknown Factory, France 15

- Q -

(Video) NIKOLAS CRUZ PENALTY PHASE | DAY 10 - PART 1

Q Made by Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czech Republic Factory in Vlasim for Qutar 13 QC Unknown Factory, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) 15 qrb Pirotecnico de Bologna, Bologna, Italy under German occupation 1

- R -

R-P Remington Arms Company, Inc., Bridgeport CT , and later: Lonoke, AR (also used by CDM of Mexico) 1 R (in shield) Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoffe A-G, N√ľrnberg, Germany 14 R Dominion Cartridge Co., Montreal, Quebec, Canada for T Eaton Co. of Toronto in 1930 8 R F√°brica do Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2 R Robin Hood Ammunition Co., Swanton, VT 3 RA A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway 1 RA Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT 1 RANO Jointly loaded by A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway and AB Norma Projektilfabrik, 670 40 Amotfors, Sweden 2 RAUFOSS A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker, Raufoss, Norway 2 RC Raleigh Cycle Co. Ltd, UK 15 RD Armer√≠a F. A. San Crist√≥bal, San Crist√≥bal, Dominican Republic 1 REM-UMC Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT (also used by CDM of Mexico and CBC of Brazil) 1 rfo Deutsche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A.-G., Berlin-Borsigwalde Factory, Berlin, Germany 1 RG Royal Ordnance Factory Radway Green, Radway Green, UK 1 RH Raleigh Cycle Co., Lts., Nottingham, England, UK 15 RHACo Robin Hood Ammunition Co., Swanton, VT 3 RL Royal Laboratory, Woolwich, England 1 RM S Rheinische Metallwaren-und Maschinenfabrik, Abteilung S√∂mmerda. S√∂mmerda, Germany 1 RNADC Royal Naval Armament Depot, Caerwent, Wales, United Kingdom 1 ROFB Royal Ordnance Factory Birtley, Birtley, County Durham UK 1 RORG Royal Ordnance Factory Radway Green, Radway Green, UK 1 RPA Republic of the Philippines Army, Government Arsenal, Department of National Defense, Camp General Antonio Luna, Limay, Bataan, Republic of Philippines 7 RPR ("People's Republic of Romania) 1 RRCo Ross Rifle Co, Quebec, Canada 2 RS Unknown Factory, France 15 RTA Royal Thai Army Arsenal, Bangkok, Thailand 2 RVB Riverbrand Co., Australia Which merged with Myra's Sport Stors in 1977 15 RW Rudge Withworth Co., Nottingham, UK (1914-1918) 11 RWS Rheinisch-Westf√§lische Sprengstoff A.-G., N√ľrnberg-U. Germany 1 RY √Čtablissements Rey Fr√®res, N√ģmes, France 1

- S -

S A CORP Savage Repeating Arms Co, Utica NY 3 S&B Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Factory in Vlasim 1 S&W-F Smith & Wesson - Fiocchi Inc., Alton, Illinois 1 S&W Smith & Wesson Ammunition Company, Rock Creek, Ohio, 44084 1 S Dum Dum Arsenal, Dum Dum, India 11 S Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 S Königliches Munitionsfabrik, Spandau, Spandau, Germany 1 S Pirotecnia Militar de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain 3 S Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland 1 S Unknown Factory, France 15 SA Cartagena, Spain 15 SA Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 SA Southern Ammunition Company, Route 1, Box 6B, Latta, SC 29565 1 Sako Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland 1 Sam's Omark Industries, CCI-SPEER/Sporting Equipment Division, PO Box 856, Lewiston, ID 83501. A trial headstamp made for Walmart Stores, but not accepted. 1 SAM South African Mint, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa (Subsequently Pretoria Metal Pressing Ltd.) 1 SANDIA Sandia Die and Cartridge Company, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 1 SARA Cartridges with the "SARA headstamp are commeratives made for SARA 1 SAT Finland 15 SAVAGE Savage Repeating Arms Co, Utica NY 2 SAW Sage Ammunition Works, Middletown, CT 3 SB-T Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain 1 SB Arms Corporation of the Philippines, (formally Squires Bingham Co.) Marikina, Republic of the Philippines 1 SB Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares SA, Toledo, Spain 1 SB Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 SB Sellier and Bellot, Schoenbeck/Elbe, Germany 15 SBP Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Factory in Vlasim 1 SCB Cartoucherie Belge, Liege, Belgium 3 SCC Standard Cartridge Company, Pasadena, CA 1 SEL Omark Industries , CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID 83501 USA 1 SF Fábrica Militar de Cartuchos San Francisco, San Francisco, Argentina 1 SF Société Française des Munitions, (Gévelot S. A.), Place Jules Gévelot, 92310 Issy-Les-Moulineaux, France 1, 7 SFM Société Française des Munitions, (Gévelot S. A.), Place Jules Gévelot, 92310 Issy-Les-Moulineaux,, France 1, 7 SGA Singapore 15 SINTOX Dynamit Nobel A-G, Troisdorf, Germany. Trademark spelling for Non-Toxic ammunition 1 SK Povázské Strojárne, Povázská, Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia). Made for SK Jagd- und Sportsmunitions GmbH, Schönebeck (Elbe), Germany 1 SK Showa Kinzoku Kogyo Co., Ltd., Japan 2 SK Tulski Patronny Zavod, (Tula Cartridge Works), Tula, Russia. Probably originally intended for SK Jagd- und Sportsmunitions GmbH, Schönebeck (Elbe), Germany, but sold in the U.S. in Tula boxes 1 SKD Selve Kronbiegel Dornheim A.-G., Sommerda, Germany 3 SKN aklady Metalowe "MESKO for SK-Nimrod GmbH, Schönebeck, Germany 1 SL St Louis Ordnance Plant, St Louis, MO 2 SLS portnovi a Lovecke Strelivo, "SLS Ammunition brand, P. O. Box B16, 530 01 Pardubice, Czech Republic 7 SM AB Svenska Metallverken, Stockholm, Sweden 1 SMC Symington Machine Corp, Rochester, New York 8 SMCO Stant Manufacturing Co. Connersville, IN 2 SME Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czech Republic, Factory in Vlasim for SME Ordnance Sdn Bhd (SMEO), Lot 5065, Locked Bag No. 101, 48109 Batu Arang, Selanger Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 7 SMI Società Metallurgica Italiana, Campo Tizzoro, Italy 1 SMP Uniknown, Yugoslavia 13 SNC SNC Industrial Technologies Inc., (Formally Industries Valcartier Inc.), Valcartier, Quebec, Canada 1 SO Sako A. B., (Suojeluskuntain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland 1 SOS Unknown Factory, Austria 7 SP stands for "Servicio de Policía 1 SP Scorzato Hermanos & Cia Ltd., Lujan, Argentina 3 SP Swartklip Products (Pty.) Ltd., Cape Town, South Africa. Also formerly known as RMC - Ronden Manufacturing 8 SPC Sociadade Portuguesa de Cartucheria, Portugal 1 SPEER Omark Industries , CCI-Speer / Sporting Equipment Division, Lewiston ID 83501 USA 1 SR Royal Ordnance Factory Spennymoor, UK (1913-1945) 11 ST Royal Ordnance Factory, Steaton 15 suk Deusche Waffen u. Munitionsfabriken A-G., Karlsruhe, Germany 1 SUPER-VEL Super Vel Cartridge Company, Shelbyville, IN 2 Super X Western Cartridge Co., East Alton, IL 2 SUPER SuperCartridge Pty., Ltd., Victoria, Australia 15 SWN Royal Ordnance Factory. Swynnerton, UK 15 SYI Società Metallurgica Italiana, Campo Tizzoro, Italy (used in the mid 1950s for an off-shore contract) 15

- T -

T Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara de Industrias Militares, SA Toledo, Spain 1 T Munitionsfabrik Thun, Thun, Switzerland 1 T Tula Arsenal, Tula Russia 15 TA Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 TA Thai Arms, Bangkok, Thailand 1 TC Unknown Factory, Turkey 15 TCW Tula Cartridge Works (Tulski Patronny Zavod), 139 Marata St., 300004, Tula, Russia 1, 7 TE Cartoucherie de Toulouse, Toulouse, France 1 TE Toyo Seiki, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan 15 TEXAS Texas Ammunition Co. Ballinger, Texas (www.texas-ammo.com) Cases by Starline 8 TH Royal Ordnance Factory Thorp Arch, Thorp Arch, England 1 TH Unknown Factory, France 15 tko Deutsche Waffen-und Munitionsfabriken A.-G., L√ľbeck-Schlutup, Wesl√∂rstrasse, Germany 19 TOYO Toyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd., Japan 7 TPE Unknown Manufacturer, UK 1 TPZ Tulsky Patronney Zavod, (Tula Cartridge Works), 139 Marata St., 300004 Tula, Russia 7 TR Dominion Rubber & Munitions Co., Three Rivers, Qu√©bec, Canada 11 TRITON Triton Cartridge Corporation, P. O. Box 50 (Mailing Address), 2 Briar Lane, Wappingers Falls, New York 12590 7 TS Atelier de Construction de Tarbes, Tarbes, France 1 TS Toyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd., Japan 7 TW Twin Cities Ordnance Plant, Minneapolis, MN 2 TZ Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 TZZ Israeli Military Industries, Tel Aviv, Israel 1

- U -

U Kimberley Branch Mint, Kimberley, Republic of South Africa 11 U Remington Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT 3 U Rheinisch- Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Nuremburg, Germany 3 U Union Metallic Cartridge Co., Bridgeport, CT 3 U Utah Ordnance Plant, Salt Lake City, UT 2 UMC Union Metallic Cartridge Co., Bridgeport, CT 1 UN H. Utendoerffer, Nuremberg, Germany 1 US United States Cartridge Co., Lowell, MA 2 USCCO United States Cartridge Co., Lowell, MA 1 UT Utah Ordnance Plant, Salt Lake City, UT 2

- V -

va Kabel- u. Metallwerke Neumeyer A.-G., Nuremberg, Germany 1 VALMET Valtion Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland 15 VAPEX Unknown Factory, Russia 13 VC Canadian Industries Limited (C-I-L,) Verdun, Quebec, Canada 2 VE Cartoucherie de Valence, Valence, France 1 VEN Ministerio de la Defensa, Servicio de Armamento, Arsenal, F√°brica de Municiones, Probably located at: Apartado Postal 66.459.1061, Urb. Las Mercedes, Calle Jalisco, Caracas 1060, Venezuela 3, 7 VMT Valtion Metallitehtaat, Helsinki, Finland 3 VPT Valtion Patruunatehdas, Lapua, Finland 1 VS Unknown Factory, France 15 VZK Vereinigte Z√ľnder - und Kabelwerke A.-G., Meissen/Elbe (Saxe), Germany 7

- W -

W-W Winchester-Western (Olin), East Alton, IL 1 W Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport CT 2 wa Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Leipzig, Germany 1 wb Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Berlin-Köpenick, Germany 19 WCC Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL 1 WESTERN Western Cartridge Company (Olin), East Alton, IL 1 wg Hugo Schneider A.-G., Werk Altenburg, Altenburg, Germany 3 WIN Olin Corp., East Alton, IL 62024, USA 1 WINCHESTER Olin Corp., East Alton IL 62024, USA 13 WISE J. B. Wise Inc, Watertown, NY 2 WOLF Tula Cartridge Plant JSC, 139 Marat St., Tula 300035, Russia 13 WRA Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT 1 WRACO Winchester Repeating Arms Co., Bridgeport, CT 1 WWG W. W. Greener, Birmingham, England 3

- X -

X Hovedarsenalet Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark 5 X Povázské Strojárne, Povázská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) 3 X Used on German 9mm Para and 32ACP cartridges for use with silencers. Probably made by: Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff A.-G., Werk Durlach, Germany 7 XL Federal Cartridge Corp, Minneapolis MN 3

- Y -

(Video) 223 -vs- 5.56: FACTS and MYTHS

NONE NONE NONE

- Z -

Z Zbrojovka Brno, Brno, Czechoslovakia 1 Z28 Unknown Factory, Zambia 13 ZERO Zero Ammunition Company, 1601 22nd Street, S.E., Cullman, Alabama 35056-1188 7 ZI Unknown Factory, Zimbabwe 13 ZV Sellier & Bellot, Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) Factory in Vlasim 13

The following headstamps have been reported to exist, but it is strongly suspected they do not occur on small arms ammunition.

If you have encountered this code on any ammunition, even if it is not small arms ammunition, please contact us with the details.

Videos

1. Side event at UNTOC COP10: Tackling Illicit Flows and Use of Ammunition
(Small Arms Survey)
2. The ForensicWeek.com Show -- 5/14/15 -- Episode 076 - [Firearms and Toolmarks Identification]
(Tom Mauriello)
3. Recognizing & Interpreting Historical Materials (Insulators & Ammunition)
(Arizona Historic Preservation)
4. Bullets and their Function in WWII for the Majority of Guns Used by the US
(Browning Genealogy)
5. HCCLA Reasonable Doubt The Crime Lab Ballistics Section
(Houston MediaSource)
6. National Gun Registry | Heating Oil Shortage | Your DNA Stolen | Russian Bombers
(GreyMan Prepping)

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