The 21 Most Dangerous Chemicals in the World (Steer Away!) (2023)

Chemistryis fascinating, I’m sure we all agree on that. Not only that: thanks tochemistry we know of many compounds that are extremely harmful if not handledproperly. Today we will share with you acomprehensive list of the most dangerous chemicals known to man.

Chemicals are not bad (even not-organic ones). The thing is, everything we see or touch in our world, is made up of chemicals. From the purest distilled water that we use as solvent in the lab to a carrot that you just harvested from your backyard.

But thereare many poisons out there in Nature, and other dangerous chemicals that may ormay not be human-made.

On thisinformative article, we wanted to cover some of these scary compounds which youmight want to steer away from.

If you are not a professional scientist, you probably will not encounter many of them in your every-day life, or for sure in any experiment that you might do at home but still is good, or interesting to be aware of them. or maybe you want to warn your chemist friend (together with a cool gift)

On theother hand, if you are a chemist, it is definitely possible that you might haveto use some of these for your work. And it is always good to be prepared, soyou can take the appropriate safety measurements. Or just nope the hell out ofusing them if ever asked to.

So, what is the most dangerous chemical known to man? What is the most toxic chemical?

Table of Contents hide

1 Botulinum toxin

2 Batrachotoxin

3 Ricin

4 Maitotoxin

5 Tetrodotoxin

6 Phosgene: COCl2

7 Hydrogen fluoride: HF

8 Fluoroantimonic acid: HSbF6

9 Piranha solution

10 tert-Butyl lithium: t-BuLi

11 Dimethyl mercury: HgMe2

12 Dimethyl cadmium: CdMe2

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13 Diazomethane: CH2N2

14 Chloride trifluoride: ClF3

15 Dioxygen difluoride: FOOF

17 Fluorine: F2

18 Carbon monoxide: CO

19 Amatoxin

20 Azidoazide azide

21 Thioacetone

What Kind of Dangerous Chemicals Are WeReviewing?

We have decided to divide the compounds in different categories.

This will depend on whether they are dangerous because they are poisonous (low LD50), corrosive, explosive, or extremely harmful chemicals for some reason.

We alsohave a category for typical dangerous laboratory chemicals (definitiely worthchecking out if you’re a chemist or chemistry student).

Finally, we will also discuss some very dangerous compounds that can be found in every-day life situations.

In any case, all these nasty chemicals are interesting to know about.

Withoutfurther ado, let’s look into them!

The Most Dangerous Poisons

Botulinum toxin

Botulinumtoxin, is basically the most lethalpoison known to man. An average 70 kg human being only would have to takearound 100 nanograms of this protein to die (it has an LD50 of1.5–2.0 ng/kg).

If you put it in perspective, one gram of this toxin can kill more than one million people!

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Whatthis toxin does chemically is basically preventing acetylcholine from beingreleased between neuron connexions. This breaks down the connexions of neuronswith with muscle cells. This leads to muscle paralysis, as contraction of themuscle cells cannot take place.

Ifyou take enough, the neuron connexions which make the heart or respiratorysystems work go down, which can kill you.

Funnilyenough, this toxin is used in medicine. Botulinum toxin is commercialized underthe name of Botox, among others.

As a tool that can paralyze muscles, it found uses in treating muscle spasticity (muscles that are contracted all the time) or other muscle-related diseases. The most potent toxin in the world has even been used in cosmetics, in order to “smooth” facial muscles!


Following next, the next poison comes off the skin of some dart frogs. Specifically, phyllobates terribilis or Golden Poison Frog is known for being one of the most dangerous poisonous animals in the wild.

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Oneof the key components of their poison is batrachotoxin.

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Contraryto botulinum toxin, which is a protein, batrachotoxin is a small organicmolecule.

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You can see how their structures have absolutely nothing to do with each other. But they both work in a fairly similar manner: batrachotoxin, with an LD50 of 2000 ng/kg (an order of magnitude less poisonous than botulinum toxin, but still scary), is also a neurotoxin. It blocks the Na+ ion channels permanently, preventing neurons from communicating with muscles, leading to paralysis and eventually heart failure.

Interestingly,dart frogs don’t make batrachotoxin by themselves.

Theyneed to ingest certain alkaloids through their diet. If they are kept incaptivity, dart frogs are rendered non-poisonous.

Butin the wild, they make one of the most dangerous poison mixtures. Dart frogscan only be found in Colombia or Panama rain-forests, and they were used byindigenous tribes to make poisonous darts and arrows. That’s where they gettheir name from.


We are backto the protein world with ricin.This is yet another order of magnitude less poisonous than botulinum toxin.Ricin’s LD50 is 22.000 ng/kg. But this still means that 2 mg ofricin will kill an average adult.

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Oneof the most dangerous chemicals in the world, ricin, can be find in castorbeans.

Themechanism of action of ricin is very different to the one for botulinum toxinor batrachotoxin.

Thisprotein disrupts the ability of the body to assemble proteins from amino acidsin the ribosomes.

Sincethe mechanism of action is much subtler than for other toxins, the symptomstake time to show up. But they eventually do. The inability to make proteins (avery basic type of cell metabolism, essential for cells to survive), causesdamage to the nervous system, kidneys and liver in hours to several days.

Ricingot more popular around the world after its appearance in AMC show Breaking Bad.

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We are coming back down in the LD50 score, since maitotoxin has a value of 50-130 ng/kg in mice. This is the highest for non-protein compounds. It is produced by a species of dinoflagellates, gambierdiscus toxicus, and can be found on the surface of some algae in Polynesia, or some animals such as the ciguateric fish.

But from achemical point of view, the most interesting feature of maitotoxin is not itstoxicity, but its chemical structure.

Maitotoxinis not a protein, but I wouldn’t call it a small molecule either. With amolecular weight of 3422 g/mol, maitotoxin is one of the toughest unbeatensynthetic challenges out there.

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This impressive amphipathic structure made up of 32 fused rings and a handful of stereogenic centers has not been synthesized completely in organic chemistry labs. The research group of K. C. Nicolaou is involved on the total synthesis of this giant. So far, the synthesis of some of the ring domains has been published, but the entire molecule is still a challenge to overcome.


Tetrodotoxinis another small molecule, which similarly to batrachotoxin, is a potentneurotoxin. It is also a sodium channels blocker.

This poisonis the one that makes dangerous several kinds of animals: fishes such as theporcupine fish or pufferfish. Also, blue-ringed octopuses or moon snailsproduce tetrodotoxin.

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This is not a huge molecule as maitotoxin, but it is still an attractive synthetic target that has been the objective of many total synthesis project. The structure of the molecule was elucidated by Woodward in 1964, and the first total synthesis was reported in 1972.

Phosgene: COCl2

All thepoisons covered above are made by natural sources. However, phosgene, a trulysmall molecule, is human-produced in the range of several tons a year.

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Phosgene,or carbonyl chloride, is classified as a chemical weapon, and it is responsiblefor many thousands of deaths during World Wars. A median concentration in air(LC50) of 200-500 parts per milion is enough to kill a person.

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Despitebeing one of the most dangerous chemicals in history, it is an extremely usefulreactive building block on chemical synthesis, and it is massively produced andused all over the world.

It is normally made by reaction carbon monoxide with chlorine gas, and it is employed in the synthesis of carbonates, isocyanates (precursors of polyurethanes), among others.

The Most Dangerous Acids and Bases

Hydrogen fluoride: HF

Hydrogenfluoride is not a very acidic acid. In fact, it’s the least acidic of all thehydrogen halides.

But it isactually the most dangerous.

HF isextremely toxic and corrosive. As it happens with many fluorine-containingcompounds, it has weird properties.

Fluoridereally loves binding to silicon, so HF can easily eat through glass (made ofSiO2). This is the reason it needs to be handled and stored inplastic containers.

But HF canalso bypass our skin barriers, and go through reaching the bones, dissolvingthem as CaF2 is formed.

The guys atPeriodic Videos have performed some experiments showing how scary this acid canbe:

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As you cansee, there is a difference between an acid being “strong” and being“corrosive”.

Fluoroantimonic acid: HSbF6

Fluoroantimonic acid is one of the most acidic compounds known to man. It is what is called a “superacid”. These are usually defined as chemicals which have an acidity (or ability to donate protons, H+) larger than pure sulfuric acid.

It isactually made by mixing HF with SbF5. Surprisingly, this combinationbetween a relatively weak Brønsted acid (HF) and a Lewis acid (SbF5)gives rise to a compound which is (2·1019)times stronger than H2SO4.

Piranha solution

Piranha solution is the name that chemists give to a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid. H2SO4 and H2O2 react giving H2SO5 (Caro’s acid) and water.

Thisresults on a strongly oxidizing acidic mixture. The “piranha” name is quiteappropriate, since it easily eats through organic matter.

As a matterof fact, this mixture is used by chemists to remove organic residues fromglassware (although the glassware has to be very valuable and all other commonmethods unsuccessful).

tert-Butyl lithium: t-BuLi

One of themost common dangerous laboratory chemicals is tert-butyl lithium. We have switched it to this category because itis an extremely strong base.

This makes it very useful in organic chemistry. If a proton cannot be abstracted by t-BuLi in an organic molecule, you will most likely not be able to remove it with anything else.

It can even react with THF (a common organic solvent, which usually are very chemically innert) at room temperature, removing one of their protons and leading to decomposition.

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t-BuLi is very pyrophoric, itreadily reacts with air catching fire, that’s why it has to be handled andstored with very special care, always under a protective inert atmosphere ofpure nitrogen or argon.

The Most Dangerous Laboratory Chemicals

Dimethyl mercury: HgMe2

KarenWetterhahn was a chemistry professor working on toxic metal exposures.Ironically, she died in 1997, due to exposure to dimethyl mercury.

One of themost famous dangerous lab chemicals is Me2Hg. Prof. Wetterhahn wasusing full protective equipment, but unfortunately, a couple of drops ofdimethyl mercury fell in the top of her gloves. The amount of compound thatcould be absorbed through the gloves and her skin was enough to kill her bymetal poisoning, slowly, after less than a year. Even using very strongchelation therapy, it was not possible to save her life.

Dimethylmercury was used in very specialized NMR experiments using 199Hgnucleus, but I don’t think I would ever work with it. Me2Hg canactually go through most types of safety gloves. The use of this substance inany scenario is strongly discouraged.

The priceof a potential accident is just too high.

Dimethyl cadmium: CdMe2

If youthought dimethyl mercury is nasty, meet its bigger brother, dimethyl cadmium.It is not only highly toxic as Me2Hg, but it is also highlyreactive.

Dimethylmercury reacts with air, or organic matter, not only exploding but also givingrise to more and more toxic Cd-compounds.

Dimethylcadmium is also very volatile, and inhaling only a few micrograms of it canlead to cadmium metal poisoning, and eventually, to death.

Diazomethane: CH2N2

Diazomethane is the simplest diazo compound there is.

Diazocompounds are organic molecules which have a -N2 functional groupattached to it. As you can imagine, thermodynamically, that nitrogen reallywants to jump out of the organic molecule and leave as nitrogen gas.

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So these compounds are extremely reactive, and some of them have a high tendency to explode. Besides, they are usually extremely toxic. Specifically, several deaths have been reported by diazomethane poisoning.

It is auseful reagent in organic chemistry, since nitrogen gas release is an extremelypowerful driving force for achieving difficult chemical transformations, suchas cyclopropanation or homologation reactions. Finding alternatives todiazomethane and its derivatives is an important challenge in modern organicchemistry.

Chloride trifluoride: ClF3

Chloridetrifluoride is a compound which will look very unusual to you if you don’t havea very advanced chemistry knowledge. This is a hypervalent chlorine compound,with three fluorides attached to it.

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ClF3 is a very poisonous and reactive gas, which has found applications in fieldssuch as rocket fuel research (although it is not used yet as rocketpropellant), or as fuel in nuclear reactors.

Itis manufactured by mixing F2 and Cl2 gases and thenseparating it by distillation.

Itis a highly oxidizing agent. It can also act as a potent fluorinating compound.

Dioxygen difluoride: FOOF

As far asoxidants go, dioxygen difluoride is the top pick.

It can beprepared by mixing oxygen and fluorine gas, and the resulting compound is sooxidizing and unstable, that it starts decomposing even at temperatures as lowas -160 ºC. It hass a funny structure, common to the one for classicalperoxydes

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O2F2 reacts in a vigorous manner with virtually any chemical that it comes incontact with. It is usually referred to by the name “FOOF” due to its hightendency to make anything explode.

Osmium tetroxide: OsO4

Osmiumtetroxide is not as scary as the last previous oxidants, but it is also a muchmore common laboratory chemical.

Thisreagent is great for oxidizing alkenes to diols, or for epoxydation reactions.As a matter of fact, most of the chemistry awarded one half of the 2001 Nobelprize in chemistry (to Barry Sharpless) is based on the use of osmium oxidesfor the asymmetric oxidation of alkenes.

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However,one should handle this chemical with care. OsO4 is very poisonousand inhalation of small concentrations can cause pulmonary edema, and cases ofdeath have been reported.

Handlingosmium tetroxide with care, and disposing it appropriately is of greatimportance.

Fluorine: F2

Playingwith fluorine gas is something most chemists are scared of.

However,due to its very particular properties, introducing fluorine atoms intomolecules is of great interest in organic synthesis and all its applications.

That’s whythere are many research groups specialized in doing fluorine chemistry.

But a greatdeal of care must be taken. The following video illustrates how fluorine can behave.

Fluorinereacts with moisture to give hydrogen fluoride, which is scary enough byitself. But contrary to HF that can be handled in solution, F2 hasto be handled as a gas, and always using containers and tubing made ofresistant plastic materials.

The Most Dangerous Chemicals in “Real Life”

Carbon monoxide: CO

Carbonmonoxide can be a silent killer.

It can bindto the iron atom in hemoglobin, displacing oxygen, basically shutting down cellrespiration.

Carbonmonoxide, along with CO2, is one of the products of burning organicmatter. If the concentration of oxygen is low during combustion, the amount ofCO that is produced increases. This can happen in a closed fireplace inside ahouse, and you could get poisoned without noticing.

In fact,dozens of deaths are reported every year due to CO poisoning.


We are backto natural poisons, this time discussing amatoxin.

This is ageneral name for several toxins with a similar structure (several amino acidsarranged in a macrocyclic fashion) that are responsible for the toxicity ofdifferent mushrooms, such as the death cap (amanitaphalloides).

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Thereis nothing as picking up your own shrooms out in the goods and making a greatmeal out of it… But it can also be dangerous!

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Alwaysmake sure you known perfectly well what you are getting your hands into, and ifyou are in doubt, ask an expert before eating any mushrooms.

The Most Dangerous Chemicals… For Other Reasons

Azidoazide azide

Thiscompound with a very illustrative name (and structure), is one of the mostexplosive chemicals that has ever been prepared.

Azidoazideazide is among the “high-nitrogen energetic materials”, and its molecularformula of C2N14 speaks for itself.

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Thethermodynamic feasibility of this substance to react releasing nitrogen is justHUGE.

Anythingcan set if off. Hit it with something, it explodes. Heat it up, it explodes.

Idon’t recommend any of you ever getting close to this stuff. Instead, justcheck out what other people have already tested:


Smell mayseem like a “minor” danger sign for a chemical. But it can get beyondunpleasant, to the realm of actually being literally unbearable.

One of themost extremely unpleasant odors in chemistry comes from thioacetone.

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Imagine anacetone molecule in which you swap the oxygen for a sulfur atom. The result isa substance with one of the worst smells known to man.

A famousincident involving this molecule involved a couple of milliliters dropped in aGerman laboratory in 1889.

The resultwas people unconscious and vomiting in a radius of almost one kilometer (half amile).

For its extremelyfoul odor, thioacetone is considered one of the most dangerous chemicals in theworld.

We are now wrapping up this list of really dangerous chemicals. These guys are the actual chemicals that should scare you, but do know that everything out there is made of chemicals, which simply can be very good or very bad!

Make sure to share if you found this useful or interesting, and up next, check out our explanations for 100 chemistry facts!

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What is the deadliest chemical on Earth? ›

1. Botulinum toxin. Scientists differ about the relative toxicities of substances, but they seem to agree that botulinum toxin, produced by anaerobic bacteria, is the most toxic substance known. Its LD50 is tiny – at most 1 nanogram per kilogram can kill a human.

What is the deadliest man made chemical? ›

Dimethyl Cadmium - This is considered by some to be the most toxic chemical in the world. It is used as a reagent in organic synthesis and in metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. Fluoroantimonic Acid - This can be the most powerful acid ever devised, apparently.

What are the 10 most dangerous chemicals? ›

Highly Toxic Chemicals
  • Arsenic trioxide.
  • Chlorine.
  • Hydrogen cyanide.
  • Nitrous oxide.
  • Phosgene.
  • Potassium cyanide (analytical reagent and purified)
  • Sodium arsenate (analytical reagent)
  • Sodium cyanide (analytical reagent)

What are the top 5 toxic chemicals? ›

Take precautions by reading labels, and do away with any products with chemicals that are unsafe to you and your family.
  • Bisphenol A (BPA) BPA is an additive primarily found in plastics that makes the material flexible. ...
  • Perchlorate. ...
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene) or Perc. ...
  • 2-Butoxyethanol. ...
  • Formaldehyde.

What is the deadliest chemical weapon? ›

VX is the most potent of all nerve agents. Compared with the nerve agent sarin (also known as GB), VX is considered to be much more toxic by entry through the skin and somewhat more toxic by inhalation.

Is the world toxic? ›

Humans emit more than 250 billion tonnes of chemical substances a year, in a toxic avalanche that is harming people and life everywhere on the planet.

What is the slowest acting poison? ›

The whole point of using a slow-acting poison like thallium is that it's hard to detect. Thallium is apparently uncommon enough that doctors didn't even bother testing for it until days after Wang entered the hospital. It's a time-delay kill strategy.

What is the deadliest gas? ›

But surprisingly, amongst all the toxic, corrosive, and otherwise nasty gases that exist in industry, the most deadly of them all is the one we breathe in the most - nitrogen. Nitrogen (N2) is an inert and invisible gas that makes up about 78% (by volume) of the air we breathe.

Which poison Cannot be detected in post mortem? ›

It has been called the "poisoner's poison" since it is colorless, odorless and tasteless; its slow-acting, painful and wide-ranging symptoms are often suggestive of a host of other illnesses and conditions.
Thallium poisoning
2 more rows

Which chemical poses the greatest health risk? ›

Chlorine and ammonia are the toxic chemicals most commonly used in quantities large enough to pose a major hazard. Both have a history of major accidents. There are also other chemicals which, although used in smaller quantities should, be handled with particular care because of their higher toxicity.

What is the most used chemical in the world? ›

Sulfuric acid is the most commonly-produced industrial chemical in the world. Its primary industrial use is to make phosphoric acid which is a main ingredient in most chemical fertilizers.

What are the 3 harmful substances? ›

Let's look more closely at three of the most common dangerous substances in our environment and signs that you may be at risk.
  • Asbestos. Asbestos is a material used in a wide variety of applications, including pipe insulation, drywall, flooring, ceiling insulation, and roofing. ...
  • Pesticides. ...
  • Paint Fumes.
4 Nov 2016

Is bleach toxic to humans? ›

Bleaches, Laundry

Household bleach (sodium hydroxide) is not technically speaking considered corrosive or toxic, even if ingested. However, bleach exposure can cause irritation in the eyes, mouth, lungs and on skin. Individuals with asthma or other breathing problems are particularly susceptible.

What chemicals are in cigarettes? ›

Some of the chemicals found in tobacco smoke include:
  • Nicotine (the addictive drug that produces the effects in the brain that people are looking for)
  • Hydrogen cyanide.
  • Formaldehyde.
  • Lead.
  • Arsenic.
  • Ammonia.
  • Radioactive elements, such as polonium-210 (see below)
  • Benzene.
28 Oct 2020

What gas can melt your skin? ›

Exposure to sulfur mustard liquid is more likely to produce second- and third- degree burns and later scarring than is exposure to sulfur mustard vapor. Extensive skin burning can be fatal. Extensive breathing in of the vapors can cause chronic respiratory disease, repeated respiratory infections, or death.

What viruses have been weaponized? ›

Weaponized agent

Historical biological weapons programmes have included efforts to produce: aflatoxin; anthrax; botulinum toxin; foot-and-mouth disease; glanders; plague; Q fever; rice blast; ricin; Rocky Mountain spotted fever; smallpox; and tularaemia, among others.

Which country has chemical weapons? ›

VI. Who has chemical weapons? Eight countries declared chemical weapons stockpiles when they joined the CWC: Albania, India, Iraq, Libya, Syria, the United States, Russia and an anonymous state widely believed to be South Korea.

How toxic is our planet? ›

Earth has been categorized as “a toxic planet” by scientists. We humans emit a toxic flood of more than 250 billion tonnes of chemical substances a year. These toxins have found their way into every single ecosystem on the planet.

What is toxic water? ›

These contaminants may be naturally occurring or man-made. Examples of chemical contaminants include nitrogen, bleach, salts, pesticides, metals, toxins produced by bacteria, and human or animal drugs. Biological contaminants are organisms in water.

How can I live in this toxic world? ›

According to Dr. Peter Osborne, author of “No Grain, No Pain,” sunshine, sleep and exercise greatly affect our overall health. Living in a healthy environment is important too. But we live in a toxic world – ingesting, inhaling, and absorbing chemicals all the time.

How can I tell if I am being slowly poisoned? ›

General symptoms
  • feeling and being sick.
  • diarrhoea.
  • stomach pain.
  • drowsiness, dizziness or weakness.
  • high temperature.
  • chills (shivering)
  • loss of appetite.
  • headache.

How can you tell if someone has been poisoned? ›

How to Tell if Someone has Been Poisoned
  1. Very large or very small pupils.
  2. Rapid or very slow heartbeat.
  3. Rapid or very slow breathing.
  4. Drooling or very dry mouth.
  5. Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  6. Sleepiness or hyperactivity.
  7. Confusion.
  8. Slurred speech.
29 Jan 2022

How do you remove poison from your body? ›

activated charcoal – sometimes used to treat someone who's been poisoned; the charcoal binds to the poison and stops it being further absorbed into the blood. antidotes – these are substances that either prevent the poison from working or reverse its effects. sedatives – may be given if the person is agitated.

What gas smells like fresh cut grass? ›

Phosgene gas may appear colorless or as a white to pale yellow cloud. At low concentrations, it has a pleasant odor of newly mown hay or green corn, but its odor may not be noticed by all people exposed.

What gas is poisonous to humans? ›

Carbon monoxide is an odorless gas that causes thousands of deaths each year in North America. Breathing in carbon monoxide is very dangerous. It is the leading cause of poisoning death in the United States.

What poisonous gas was used in ww1? ›

It is estimated that as many as 85% of the 91,000 gas deaths in WWI were a result of phosgene or the related agent, diphosgene (trichloromethane chloroformate). The most commonly used gas in WWI was 'mustard gas' [bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide].

What fruit is poisonous when not ripe? ›

Ackee -- the national fruit of Jamaica -- contains the same poison as the lychee when unripe and can cause severe illness. It is usually cooked before eating.

Which foods are slow poison? ›

Common Foods That Can Be Toxic
  • Cherry Pits. 1/12. The hard stone in the center of cherries is full of prussic acid, also known as cyanide, which is poisonous. ...
  • Apple Seeds. 2/12. ...
  • Elderberries. 3/12. ...
  • Nutmeg. 4/12. ...
  • Green Potatoes. 5/12. ...
  • Raw Kidney Beans. 6/12. ...
  • Rhubarb Leaves. 7/12. ...
  • Bitter Almonds. 8/12.
21 Apr 2021

What poison has no taste or smell? ›

Arsenic is a highly toxic chemical that has no taste, colour or smell. A victim's symptoms from a single effective dose will resemble food poisoning: abdominal cramping, diarrheoa, vomiting, followed by death from shock. There's no simple or easy cure.

How many chemicals are in a cigarette? ›

Of the more than 7,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, at least 250 are known to be harmful, including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia (1, 2, 5).

Does acid burn skin? ›

Hydrochloric acid can cause a severe chemical burn if it comes into contact with your skin. It's found in pool chemicals, some fertilizer, and some household cleaners.

What are the 4 types of chemical hazards? ›

Chemical hazards
  • skin irritants.
  • carcinogens.
  • respiratory sensitisers.
1 Dec 2021

What are 10 household chemicals? ›

These may include:
  • clothes washing detergents and fabric softeners.
  • bleach.
  • solvents.
  • drain cleaners.
  • pet flea powder and shampoo.
  • metal and wood polish.
  • washing soda and borax.
  • eucalyptus oil and antiseptics.

Which country is the largest producer of chemicals? ›

Top 10 Chemical-Producing Countries of the World are : 1. USA 2. Germany 3.
Top 10 Chemical-Producing Countries of the World
  • Russia: ...
  • China: ...
  • Japan: ...
  • United Kingdom: ...
  • Italy: ...
  • France: ...
  • India: ...
  • Brazil:

What is the number 1 chemical produced in the US? ›

Now that we know that sulfuric acid, at 36 million tons per year, is the highest volume chemical produced in the U.S., let's have a quick look at the rest of the top ten and their uses as well.

What are two chemicals that explode when mixed? ›

Peroxides (inorganic), when mixed with combustible materials, barium, sodium, and potassium, form explosives that ignite easily. Phosphorus (P), both red and white, forms explosive mixtures with oxidizing agents. White (also called yellow) P should be stored under water, in glass, because it is pyrophoric.

What is the most used chemical in the world? ›

Sulfuric acid is the most commonly-produced industrial chemical in the world. Its primary industrial use is to make phosphoric acid which is a main ingredient in most chemical fertilizers.

What's the strongest chemical reaction? ›

The world's strongest superacid is fluoroantimonic acid, HSbF6. It is formed by mixing hydrogen fluoride (HF) and antimony pentafluoride (SbF5). Various mixtures produce the superacid, but mixing equal ratios of the two acids produces the strongest superacid known to man.

What is the most volatile chemical? ›

1-Diazidocarbamoyl-5-azidotetrazole, informally called “azidoazide azide”, is a heterocyclic organic compound crammed with 14 nitrogen atoms. Because of the large number of high-energy nitrogen bonds, the compound is extremely explosive. even left undisturbed on a glass plate.

What should you not mix? ›

10 Common Product Combinations You Should Never, Ever Mix
  • Vinegar and Hydrogen Peroxide. ...
  • Bleach and Ammonia. ...
  • Vinegar and Bleach. ...
  • Bleach and Rubbing Alcohol. ...
  • Multiple Brands of Batteries. ...
  • Different Brands of Drain Cleaners. ...
  • Milk and Red Bull. ...
  • Grapefruit Juice and Medicine.
8 May 2017

What is the most powerful explosive material? ›

Nitroglycerine, discovered in 1846, still remains the most powerful explosive in practical use.

What the most explosive? ›

Azidoazide azide is the most explosive chemical compound ever created. It is part of a class of chemicals known as high-nitrogen energetic materials, and it gets its "bang" from the 14 nitrogen atoms that compose it in a loosely bound state.

What are 10 household chemicals? ›

These may include:
  • clothes washing detergents and fabric softeners.
  • bleach.
  • solvents.
  • drain cleaners.
  • pet flea powder and shampoo.
  • metal and wood polish.
  • washing soda and borax.
  • eucalyptus oil and antiseptics.

Which country is the largest producer of chemicals? ›

Top 10 Chemical-Producing Countries of the World are : 1. USA 2. Germany 3.
Top 10 Chemical-Producing Countries of the World
  • Russia: ...
  • China: ...
  • Japan: ...
  • United Kingdom: ...
  • Italy: ...
  • France: ...
  • India: ...
  • Brazil:

What is the number 1 chemical produced in the US? ›

Now that we know that sulfuric acid, at 36 million tons per year, is the highest volume chemical produced in the U.S., let's have a quick look at the rest of the top ten and their uses as well.

Which is the king of acid? ›

Sulfuric acid is sometimes referred to as the “king of chemicals” because it is produced worldwide in... Due to its affinity for water, pure anhydrous sulfuric acid does not exist in nature.

What happens if you mix hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid? ›

The reaction of hydrogen peroxide on concentrated sulfuric acid produces highly activated and oxidizing peroxymonosulfuric acid (H2SO5), also called Caro's acid [1].

What is the coldest chemical reaction? ›

By cooling molecules to a fraction above absolute zero, the team was able to perform the coldest chemical reaction ever recorded, capturing a never-before-seen action as two molecules swapped atoms. Absolute zero – which is -273.15° C or -459.67° F – is regarded as the coldest possible temperature.

What is C-4 bomb? ›

Composition C4 is a plastic explosive used in military operations. C4 was used during the Vietnam War as part of demolition blocks; today, it is commonly used in both military and civilian settings for demolition and flares.

What chemical is used in bombs? ›

All explosives must contain both oxidizing and reducing agents. Strong oxidizing agents require the use of the most electronegative elements nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, and chlorine. Therefore, one common aspect of HE compositions is a large percentage of the more electronegative elements nitrogen and oxygen.

Is C-4 more powerful than TNT? ›

C4 yields a higher peak pressure than TNT so the weight of C4 that yields a peak pressure equivalent to a given weight of TNT was determined based on the relationship that peak pressure is proportional to heat of detonation [4].


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